History of Henry V
History of Henry V
- Chorus. O for a Muse of fire, that would ascend
The brightest heaven of invention,
A kingdom for a stage, princes to act
And monarchs to behold the swelling scene!
Then should the warlike Harry, like himself,
Assume the port of Mars; and at his heels,
Leash’d in like hounds, should famine, sword and fire
Crouch for employment. But pardon, and gentles all,
The flat unraised spirits that have dared 10
On this unworthy scaffold to bring forth
So great an object: can this cockpit hold
The vasty fields of France? or may we cram
Within this wooden O the very casques
That did affright the air at Agincourt? 15
O, pardon! since a crooked figure may
Attest in little place a million;
And let us, ciphers to this great accompt,
On your imaginary forces work.
Suppose within the girdle of these walls 20
Are now confined two mighty monarchies,
Whose high upreared and abutting fronts
The perilous narrow ocean parts asunder:
Piece out our imperfections with your thoughts;
Into a thousand parts divide on man, 25
And make imaginary puissance;
Think when we talk of horses, that you see them
Printing their proud hoofs i’ the receiving earth;
For ’tis your thoughts that now must deck our kings,
Carry them here and there; jumping o’er times, 30
Turning the accomplishment of many years
Into an hour-glass: for the which supply,
Admit me Chorus to this history;
Who prologue-like your humble patience pray,
Gently to hear, kindly to judge, our play. 35
[Exit]History of Henry V
Act I, Scene 1 (History of Henry V)
London. An ante-chamber in the KING’S palace.
[Enter the ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, and the BISHOP OF ELY]
- Archbishop of Canterbury. My lord, I’ll tell you; that self bill is urged,
Which in the eleventh year of the last king’s reign
Was like, and had indeed against us pass’d, 40
But that the scambling and unquiet time
Did push it out of farther question.
- Bishop of Ely. But how, my lord, shall we resist it now?
- Archbishop of Canterbury. It must be thought on. If it pass against us,
We lose the better half of our possession: 45
For all the temporal lands which men devout
By testament have given to the church
Would they strip from us; being valued thus:
As much as would maintain, to the king’s honour,
Full fifteen earls and fifteen hundred knights, 50
Six thousand and two hundred good esquires;
And, to relief of lazars and weak age,
Of indigent faint souls past corporal toil.
A hundred almshouses right well supplied;
And to the coffers of the king beside, 55
A thousand pounds by the year: thus runs the bill.
- Bishop of Ely. This would drink deep.
- Archbishop of Canterbury. ‘Twould drink the cup and all.
- Bishop of Ely. But what prevention?
- Archbishop of Canterbury. The king is full of grace and fair regard. 60
- Bishop of Ely. And a true lover of the holy church.
- Archbishop of Canterbury. The courses of his youth promised it not.
The breath no sooner left his father’s body,
But that his wildness, mortified in him,
Seem’d to die too; yea, at that very moment 65
Consideration, like an angel, came
And whipp’d the offending Adam out of him,
Leaving his body as a paradise,
To envelop and contain celestial spirits.
Never was such a sudden scholar made; 70
Never came reformation in a flood,
With such a heady currance, scouring faults
Nor never Hydra-headed wilfulness
So soon did lose his seat and all at once
As in this king. 75
- Bishop of Ely. We are blessed in the change.
- Archbishop of Canterbury. Hear him but reason in divinity,
And all-admiring with an inward wish
You would desire the king were made a prelate:
Hear him debate of commonwealth affairs, 80
You would say it hath been all in all his study:
List his discourse of war, and you shall hear
A fearful battle render’d you in music:
Turn him to any cause of policy,
The Gordian knot of it he will unloose, 85
Familiar as his garter: that, when he speaks,
The air, a charter’d libertine, is still,
And the mute wonder lurketh in men’s ears,
To steal his sweet and honey’d sentences;
So that the art and practic part of life 90
Must be the mistress to this theoric:
Which is a wonder how his grace should glean it,
Since his addiction was to courses vain,
His companies unletter’d, rude and shallow,
His hours fill’d up with riots, banquets, sports, 95
And never noted in him any study,
Any retirement, any sequestration
From open haunts and popularity.
- Bishop of Ely. The strawberry grows underneath the nettle
And wholesome berries thrive and ripen best 100
Neighbour’d by fruit of baser quality:
And so the prince obscured his contemplation
Under the veil of wildness; which, no doubt,
Grew like the summer grass, fastest by night,
Unseen, yet crescive in his faculty. 105
- Archbishop of Canterbury. It must be so; for miracles are ceased;
And therefore we must needs admit the means
How things are perfected.
- Bishop of Ely. But, my good lord,
How now for mitigation of this bill 110
Urged by the commons? Doth his majesty
Incline to it, or no?
- Archbishop of Canterbury. He seems indifferent,
Or rather swaying more upon our part
Than cherishing the exhibiters against us; 115
For I have made an offer to his majesty,
Upon our spiritual convocation
And in regard of causes now in hand,
Which I have open’d to his grace at large,
As touching France, to give a greater sum 120
Than ever at one time the clergy yet
Did to his predecessors part withal.
- Bishop of Ely. How did this offer seem received, my lord?
- Archbishop of Canterbury. With good acceptance of his majesty;
Save that there was not time enough to hear, 125
As I perceived his grace would fain have done,
The severals and unhidden passages
Of his true titles to some certain dukedoms
And generally to the crown and seat of France
Derived from Edward, his great-grandfather. 130
- Bishop of Ely. What was the impediment that broke this off?
- Archbishop of Canterbury. The French ambassador upon that instant
Craved audience; and the hour, I think, is come
To give him hearing: is it four o’clock?
- Bishop of Ely. It is. 135
- Archbishop of Canterbury. Then go we in, to know his embassy;
Which I could with a ready guess declare,
Before the Frenchman speak a word of it.
- Bishop of Ely. I’ll wait upon you, and I long to hear it.
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act I, Scene 2(History of Henry V)
The same. The Presence chamber.
[Enter KING HENRY V, GLOUCESTER, BEDFORD, EXETER,] [p]WARWICK, WESTMORELAND, and Attendants]
- Henry V. Where is my gracious Lord of Canterbury?
- Duke of Exeter. Not here in presence.
- Henry V. Send for him, good uncle. 145
- Earl of Westmoreland. Shall we call in the ambassador, my liege?
- Henry V. Not yet, my cousin: we would be resolved,
Before we hear him, of some things of weight
That task our thoughts, concerning us and France.
[Enter the ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, and the BISHOP of ELY]
- Archbishop of Canterbury. God and his angels guard your sacred throne
And make you long become it!
- Henry V. Sure, we thank you.
My learned lord, we pray you to proceed
And justly and religiously unfold 155
Why the law Salique that they have in France
Or should, or should not, bar us in our claim:
And God forbid, my dear and faithful lord,
That you should fashion, wrest, or bow your reading,
Or nicely charge your understanding soul 160
With opening titles miscreate, whose right
Suits not in native colours with the truth;
For God doth know how many now in health
Shall drop their blood in approbation
Of what your reverence shall incite us to. 165
Therefore take heed how you impawn our person,
How you awake our sleeping sword of war:
We charge you, in the name of God, take heed;
For never two such kingdoms did contend
Without much fall of blood; whose guiltless drops 170
Are every one a woe, a sore complaint
‘Gainst him whose wrong gives edge unto the swords
That make such waste in brief mortality.
Under this conjuration, speak, my lord;
For we will hear, note and believe in heart 175
That what you speak is in your conscience wash’d
As pure as sin with baptism.
- Archbishop of Canterbury. Then hear me, gracious sovereign, and you peers,
That owe yourselves, your lives and services
To this imperial throne. There is no bar 180
To make against your highness’ claim to France
But this, which they produce from Pharamond,
‘In terram Salicam mulieres ne succedant:’
‘No woman shall succeed in Salique land:’
Which Salique land the French unjustly gloze 185
To be the realm of France, and Pharamond
The founder of this law and female bar.
Yet their own authors faithfully affirm
That the land Salique is in Germany,
Between the floods of Sala and of Elbe; 190
Where Charles the Great, having subdued the Saxons,
There left behind and settled certain French;
Who, holding in disdain the German women
For some dishonest manners of their life,
Establish’d then this law; to wit, no female 195
Should be inheritrix in Salique land:
Which Salique, as I said, ‘twixt Elbe and Sala,
Is at this day in Germany call’d Meisen.
Then doth it well appear that Salique law
Was not devised for the realm of France: 200
Nor did the French possess the Salique land
Until four hundred one and twenty years
After defunction of King Pharamond,
Idly supposed the founder of this law;
Who died within the year of our redemption 205
Four hundred twenty-six; and Charles the Great
Subdued the Saxons, and did seat the French
Beyond the river Sala, in the year
Eight hundred five. Besides, their writers say,
King Pepin, which deposed Childeric, 210
Did, as heir general, being descended
Of Blithild, which was daughter to King Clothair,
Make claim and title to the crown of France.
Hugh Capet also, who usurped the crown
Of Charles the duke of Lorraine, sole heir male 215
Of the true line and stock of Charles the Great,
To find his title with some shows of truth,
‘Through, in pure truth, it was corrupt and naught,
Convey’d himself as heir to the Lady Lingare,
Daughter to Charlemain, who was the son 220
To Lewis the emperor, and Lewis the son
Of Charles the Great. Also King Lewis the Tenth,
Who was sole heir to the usurper Capet,
Could not keep quiet in his conscience,
Wearing the crown of France, till satisfied 225
That fair Queen Isabel, his grandmother,
Was lineal of the Lady Ermengare,
Daughter to Charles the foresaid duke of Lorraine:
By the which marriage the line of Charles the Great
Was re-united to the crown of France. 230
So that, as clear as is the summer’s sun.
King Pepin’s title and Hugh Capet’s claim,
King Lewis his satisfaction, all appear
To hold in right and title of the female:
So do the kings of France unto this day; 235
Howbeit they would hold up this Salique law
To bar your highness claiming from the female,
And rather choose to hide them in a net
Than amply to imbar their crooked titles
Usurp’d from you and your progenitors. 240
- Henry V. May I with right and conscience make this claim?
- Archbishop of Canterbury. The sin upon my head, dread sovereign!
For in the book of Numbers is it writ,
When the man dies, let the inheritance
Descend unto the daughter. Gracious lord, 245
Stand for your own; unwind your bloody flag;
Look back into your mighty ancestors:
Go, my dread lord, to your great-grandsire’s tomb,
From whom you claim; invoke his warlike spirit,
And your great-uncle’s, Edward the Black Prince,
Who on the French ground play’d a tragedy,
Making defeat on the full power of France,
Whiles his most mighty father on a hill
Stood smiling to behold his lion’s whelp
Forage in blood of French nobility.
O noble English. that could entertain
With half their forces the full Pride of France
And let another half stand laughing by,
All out of work and cold for action!
- Bishop of Ely. Awake remembrance of these valiant dead
And with your puissant arm renew their feats:
You are their heir; you sit upon their throne;
The blood and courage that renowned them
Runs in your veins; and my thrice-puissant liege
Is in the very May-morn of his youth,
Ripe for exploits and mighty enterprises.
- Duke of Exeter. Your brother kings and monarchs of the earth
Do all expect that you should rouse yourself,
As did the former lions of your blood.
- Earl of Westmoreland. They know your grace hath cause and means and might; 270
So hath your highness; never king of England
Had nobles richer and more loyal subjects,
Whose hearts have left their bodies here in England
And lie pavilion’d in the fields of France.
- Archbishop of Canterbury. O, let their bodies follow, my dear liege, 275
With blood and sword and fire to win your right;
In aid whereof we of the spiritualty
Will raise your highness such a mighty sum
As never did the clergy at one time
Bring in to any of your ancestors. 280
- Henry V. We must not only arm to invade the French,
But lay down our proportions to defend
Against the Scot, who will make road upon us
With all advantages.
- Archbishop of Canterbury. They of those marches, gracious sovereign, 285
Shall be a wall sufficient to defend
Our inland from the pilfering borderers.
- Henry V. We do not mean the coursing snatchers only,
But fear the main intendment of the Scot,
Who hath been still a giddy neighbour to us; 290
For you shall read that my great-grandfather
Never went with his forces into France
But that the Scot on his unfurnish’d kingdom
Came pouring, like the tide into a breach,
With ample and brim fulness of his force, 295
Galling the gleaned land with hot assays,
Girding with grievous siege castles and towns;
That England, being empty of defence,
Hath shook and trembled at the ill neighbourhood.
- Archbishop of Canterbury. She hath been then more fear’d than harm’d, my liege; 300
For hear her but exampled by herself:
When all her chivalry hath been in France
And she a mourning widow of her nobles,
She hath herself not only well defended
But taken and impounded as a stray 305
The King of Scots; whom she did send to France,
To fill King Edward’s fame with prisoner kings
And make her chronicle as rich with praise
As is the ooze and bottom of the sea
With sunken wreck and sunless treasuries. 310
- Earl of Westmoreland. But there’s a saying very old and true,
‘If that you will France win,
Then with Scotland first begin:’
For once the eagle England being in prey,
To her unguarded nest the weasel Scot 315
Comes sneaking and so sucks her princely eggs,
Playing the mouse in absence of the cat,
To tear and havoc more than she can eat.
- Duke of Exeter. It follows then the cat must stay at home:
Yet that is but a crush’d necessity, 320
Since we have locks to safeguard necessaries,
And pretty traps to catch the petty thieves.
While that the armed hand doth fight abroad,
The advised head defends itself at home;
For government, though high and low and lower,
Put into parts, doth keep in one consent,
Congreeing in a full and natural close,
- Archbishop of Canterbury. Therefore doth heaven divide
The state of man in divers functions,
Setting endeavour in continual motion;
To which is fixed, as an aim or butt,
Obedience: for so work the honey-bees,
Creatures that by a rule in nature teach
The act of order to a peopled kingdom.
They have a king and officers of sorts;
Where some, like magistrates, correct at home,
Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad,
Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings,
Make boot upon the summer’s velvet buds,
Which pillage they with merry march bring home
To the tent-royal of their emperor;
Who, busied in his majesty, surveys
The singing masons building roofs of gold,
The civil citizens kneading up the honey,
The poor mechanic porters crowding in
Their heavy burdens at his narrow gate,
The sad-eyed justice, with his surly hum,
Delivering o’er to executors pale
The lazy yawning drone. I this infer,
That many things, having full reference
To one consent, may work contrariously:
As many arrows, loosed several ways,
Come to one mark; as many ways meet in one town;
As many fresh streams meet in one salt sea;
As many lines close in the dial’s centre;
So may a thousand actions, once afoot.
End in one purpose, and be all well borne
Without defeat. Therefore to France, my liege.
Divide your happy England into four; 360
Whereof take you one quarter into France,
And you withal shall make all Gallia shake.
If we, with thrice such powers left at home,
Cannot defend our own doors from the dog,
Let us be worried and our nation lose
The name of hardiness and policy.
- Henry V. Call in the messengers sent from the Dauphin.
[Exeunt some Attendants]
Now are we well resolved; and, by God’s help,
And yours, the noble sinews of our power,
France being ours, we’ll bend it to our awe,
Or break it all to pieces: or there we’ll sit,
Ruling in large and ample empery
O’er France and all her almost kingly dukedoms,
Or lay these bones in an unworthy urn,
Tombless, with no remembrance over them:
Either our history shall with full mouth
Speak freely of our acts, or else our grave,
Like Turkish mute, shall have a tongueless mouth,
Not worshipp’d with a waxen epitaph.
[Enter Ambassadors of France]
Now are we well prepared to know the pleasure
Of our fair cousin Dauphin; for we hear
Your greeting is from him, not from the king.
- First Ambassador. May’t please your majesty to give us leave
Freely to render what we have in charge;
Or shall we sparingly show you far off
The Dauphin’s meaning and our embassy?
- Henry V. We are no tyrant, but a Christian king;
Unto whose grace our passion is as subject 390
As are our wretches fetter’d in our prisons:
Therefore with frank and with uncurbed plainness
Tell us the Dauphin’s mind.
- First Ambassador. Thus, then, in few.
Your highness, lately sending into France, 395
Did claim some certain dukedoms, in the right
Of your great predecessor, King Edward the Third.
In answer of which claim, the prince our master
Says that you savour too much of your youth,
And bids you be advised there’s nought in France 400
That can be with a nimble galliard won;
You cannot revel into dukedoms there.
He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit,
This tun of treasure; and, in lieu of this,
Desires you let the dukedoms that you claim 405
Hear no more of you. This the Dauphin speaks.
- Henry V. What treasure, uncle?
- Duke of Exeter. Tennis-balls, my liege.
- Henry V. We are glad the Dauphin is so pleasant with us;
His present and your pains we thank you for: 410
When we have march’d our rackets to these balls,
We will, in France, by God’s grace, play a set
Shall strike his father’s crown into the hazard.
Tell him he hath made a match with such a wrangler
That all the courts of France will be disturb’d 415
With chaces. And we understand him well,
How he comes o’er us with our wilder days,
Not measuring what use we made of them.
We never valued this poor seat of England;
And therefore, living hence, did give ourself 420
To barbarous licence; as ’tis ever common
That men are merriest when they are from home.
But tell the Dauphin I will keep my state,
Be like a king and show my sail of greatness
When I do rouse me in my throne of France: 425
For that I have laid by my majesty
And plodded like a man for working-days,
But I will rise there with so full a glory
That I will dazzle all the eyes of France,
Yea, strike the Dauphin blind to look on us. 430
And tell the pleasant prince this mock of his
Hath turn’d his balls to gun-stones; and his soul
Shall stand sore charged for the wasteful vengeance
That shall fly with them: for many a thousand widows
Shall this his mock mock out of their dear husbands; 435
Mock mothers from their sons, mock castles down;
And some are yet ungotten and unborn
That shall have cause to curse the Dauphin’s scorn.
But this lies all within the will of God,
To whom I do appeal; and in whose name 440
Tell you the Dauphin I am coming on,
To venge me as I may and to put forth
My rightful hand in a well-hallow’d cause.
So get you hence in peace; and tell the Dauphin
His jest will savour but of shallow wit, 445
When thousands weep more than did laugh at it.
Convey them with safe conduct. Fare you well.
- Duke of Exeter. This was a merry message.
- Henry V. We hope to make the sender blush at it. 450
Therefore, my lords, omit no happy hour
That may give furtherance to our expedition;
For we have now no thought in us but France,
Save those to God, that run before our business.
Therefore let our proportions for these wars 455
Be soon collected and all things thought upon
That may with reasonable swiftness add
More feathers to our wings; for, God before,
We’ll chide this Dauphin at his father’s door.
Therefore let every man now task his thought, 460
That this fair action may on foot be brought.
[Exeunt. Flourish](History of Henry V)
[Enter Chorus](History of Henry V)
- Chorus. Now all the youth of England are on fire,
And silken dalliance in the wardrobe lies: 465
Now thrive the armourers, and honour’s thought
Reigns solely in the breast of every man:
They sell the pasture now to buy the horse,
Following the mirror of all Christian kings,
With winged heels, as English Mercuries. 470
For now sits Expectation in the air,
And hides a sword from hilts unto the point
With crowns imperial, crowns and coronets,
Promised to Harry and his followers.
The French, advised by good intelligence 475
Of this most dreadful preparation,
Shake in their fear and with pale policy
Seek to divert the English purposes.
O England! model to thy inward greatness,
Like little body with a mighty heart, 480
What mightst thou do, that honour would thee do,
Were all thy children kind and natural!
But see thy fault! France hath in thee found out
A nest of hollow bosoms, which he fills
With treacherous crowns; and three corrupted men, 485
One, Richard Earl of Cambridge, and the second,
Henry Lord Scroop of Masham, and the third,
Sir Thomas Grey, knight, of Northumberland,
Have, for the gilt of France,—O guilt indeed!
Confirm’d conspiracy with fearful France; 490
And by their hands this grace of kings must die,
If hell and treason hold their promises,
Ere he take ship for France, and in Southampton.
Linger your patience on; and we’ll digest
The abuse of distance; force a play: 495
The sum is paid; the traitors are agreed;
The king is set from London; and the scene
Is now transported, gentles, to Southampton;
There is the playhouse now, there must you sit:
And thence to France shall we convey you safe, 500
And bring you back, charming the narrow seas
To give you gentle pass; for, if we may,
We’ll not offend one stomach with our play.
But, till the king come forth, and not till then,
Unto Southampton do we shift our scene. 505
[Exit](History of Henry V)
Act II, Scene 1(History of Henry V)
London. A street.
[Enter Corporal NYM and Lieutenant BARDOLPH]
- Bardolph. Well met, Corporal Nym.
- Nym. Good morrow, Lieutenant Bardolph.
- Bardolph. What, are Ancient Pistol and you friends yet? 510
- Nym. For my part, I care not: I say little; but when
time shall serve, there shall be smiles; but that
shall be as it may. I dare not fight; but I will
wink and hold out mine iron: it is a simple one; but
what though? it will toast cheese, and it will 515
endure cold as another man’s sword will: and
there’s an end.
- Bardolph. I will bestow a breakfast to make you friends; and
we’ll be all three sworn brothers to France: let it
be so, good Corporal Nym. 520
- Nym. Faith, I will live so long as I may, that’s the
certain of it; and when I cannot live any longer, I
will do as I may: that is my rest, that is the
rendezvous of it.
- Bardolph. It is certain, corporal, that he is married to Nell 525
Quickly: and certainly she did you wrong; for you
were troth-plight to her.
- Nym. I cannot tell: things must be as they may: men may
sleep, and they may have their throats about them at
that time; and some say knives have edges. It must 530
be as it may: though patience be a tired mare, yet
she will plod. There must be conclusions. Well, I
[Enter PISTOL and Hostess]
- Bardolph. Here comes Ancient Pistol and his wife: good 535
corporal, be patient here. How now, mine host Pistol!
- Pistol. Base tike, call’st thou me host? Now, by this hand,
I swear, I scorn the term; Nor shall my Nell keep lodgers.
- Hostess Quickly. No, by my troth, not long; for we cannot lodge and
board a dozen or fourteen gentlewomen that live 540
honestly by the prick of their needles, but it will
be thought we keep a bawdy house straight.
[NYM and PISTOL draw]
O well a day, Lady, if he be not drawn now! we
shall see wilful adultery and murder committed. 545
- Bardolph. Good lieutenant! good corporal! offer nothing here.
- Nym. Pish!
- Pistol. Pish for thee, Iceland dog! thou prick-ear’d cur of Iceland!
- Hostess Quickly. Good Corporal Nym, show thy valour, and put up your sword.
- Nym. Will you shog off? I would have you solus. 550
- Pistol. ‘Solus,’ egregious dog? O viper vile!
The ‘solus’ in thy most mervailous face;
The ‘solus’ in thy teeth, and in thy throat,
And in thy hateful lungs, yea, in thy maw, perdy,
And, which is worse, within thy nasty mouth! 555
I do retort the ‘solus’ in thy bowels;
For I can take, and Pistol’s cock is up,
And flashing fire will follow.
- Nym. I am not Barbason; you cannot conjure me. I have an
humour to knock you indifferently well. If you grow 560
foul with me, Pistol, I will scour you with my
rapier, as I may, in fair terms: if you would walk
off, I would prick your guts a little, in good
terms, as I may: and that’s the humour of it.
- Pistol. O braggart vile and damned furious wight! 565
The grave doth gape, and doting death is near;
- Bardolph. Hear me, hear me what I say: he that strikes the
first stroke, I’ll run him up to the hilts, as I am a soldier.
- Pistol. An oath of mickle might; and fury shall abate.
Give me thy fist, thy fore-foot to me give:
Thy spirits are most tall.
- Nym. I will cut thy throat, one time or other, in fair
terms: that is the humour of it. 575
- Pistol. ‘Couple a gorge!’
That is the word. I thee defy again.
O hound of Crete, think’st thou my spouse to get?
No; to the spital go,
And from the powdering tub of infamy 580
Fetch forth the lazar kite of Cressid’s kind,
Doll Tearsheet she by name, and her espouse:
I have, and I will hold, the quondam Quickly
For the only she; and—pauca, there’s enough. Go to.
[Enter the Boy]
- Boy. Mine host Pistol, you must come to my master, and
you, hostess: he is very sick, and would to bed.
Good Bardolph, put thy face between his sheets, and
do the office of a warming-pan. Faith, he’s very ill.
- Bardolph. Away, you rogue! 590
- Hostess Quickly. By my troth, he’ll yield the crow a pudding one of
these days. The king has killed his heart. Good
husband, come home presently.
[Exeunt Hostess and Boy]
- Bardolph. Come, shall I make you two friends? We must to 595
France together: why the devil should we keep
knives to cut one another’s throats?
- Pistol. Let floods o’erswell, and fiends for food howl on!
- Nym. You’ll pay me the eight shillings I won of you at betting?
- Pistol. Base is the slave that pays. 600
- Nym. That now I will have: that’s the humour of it.
- Pistol. As manhood shall compound: push home.
- Bardolph. By this sword, he that makes the first thrust, I’ll
kill him; by this sword, I will. 605
- Pistol. Sword is an oath, and oaths must have their course.
- Bardolph. Corporal Nym, an thou wilt be friends, be friends:
an thou wilt not, why, then, be enemies with me too.
Prithee, put up.
- Nym. I shall have my eight shillings I won of you at betting? 610
- Pistol. A noble shalt thou have, and present pay;
And liquor likewise will I give to thee,
And friendship shall combine, and brotherhood:
I’ll live by Nym, and Nym shall live by me;
Is not this just? for I shall sutler be 615
Unto the camp, and profits will accrue.
Give me thy hand.
- Nym. I shall have my noble?
- Pistol. In cash most justly paid.
- Nym. Well, then, that’s the humour of’t. 620
- Hostess Quickly. As ever you came of women, come in quickly to Sir
John. Ah, poor heart! he is so shaked of a burning
quotidian tertian, that it is most lamentable to
behold. Sweet men, come to him. 625
- Nym. The king hath run bad humours on the knight; that’s
the even of it.
- Pistol. Nym, thou hast spoke the right;
His heart is fracted and corroborate.
- Nym. The king is a good king: but it must be as it may; 630
he passes some humours and careers.
- Pistol. Let us condole the knight; for, lambkins we will live.
Act II, Scene 2(History of Henry V)
Southampton. A council-chamber.
[Enter EXETER, BEDFORD, and WESTMORELAND]
- Duke of Bedford. ‘Fore God, his grace is bold, to trust these traitors.
- Duke of Exeter. They shall be apprehended by and by. 635
- Earl of Westmoreland. How smooth and even they do bear themselves!
As if allegiance in their bosoms sat,
Crowned with faith and constant loyalty.
- Duke of Bedford. The king hath note of all that they intend,
By interception which they dream not of. 640
- Duke of Exeter. Nay, but the man that was his bedfellow,
Whom he hath dull’d and cloy’d with gracious favours,
That he should, for a foreign purse, so sell
His sovereign’s life to death and treachery.
[Trumpets sound. Enter KING HENRY V, SCROOP,] 645
CAMBRIDGE, GREY, and Attendants]
- Henry V. Now sits the wind fair, and we will aboard.
My Lord of Cambridge, and my kind Lord of Masham,
And you, my gentle knight, give me your thoughts:
Think you not that the powers we bear with us 650
Will cut their passage through the force of France,
Doing the execution and the act
For which we have in head assembled them?
- Lord Scroop. No doubt, my liege, if each man do his best.
- Henry V. I doubt not that; since we are well persuaded 655
We carry not a heart with us from hence
That grows not in a fair consent with ours,
Nor leave not one behind that doth not wish
Success and conquest to attend on us.
- Earl of Cambridge. Never was monarch better fear’d and loved 660
Than is your majesty: there’s not, I think, a subject
That sits in heart-grief and uneasiness
Under the sweet shade of your government.
- Sir Thomas Grey. True: those that were your father’s enemies
Have steep’d their galls in honey and do serve you 665
With hearts create of duty and of zeal.
- Henry V. We therefore have great cause of thankfulness;
And shall forget the office of our hand,
Sooner than quittance of desert and merit
According to the weight and worthiness. 670
- Lord Scroop. So service shall with steeled sinews toil,
And labour shall refresh itself with hope,
To do your grace incessant services.
- Henry V. We judge no less. Uncle of Exeter,
Enlarge the man committed yesterday, 675
That rail’d against our person: we consider
it was excess of wine that set him on;
And on his more advice we pardon him.
- Lord Scroop. That’s mercy, but too much security:
Let him be punish’d, sovereign, lest example 680
Breed, by his sufferance, more of such a kind.
- Henry V. O, let us yet be merciful.
- Earl of Cambridge. So may your highness, and yet punish too.
- Sir Thomas Grey. Sir,
You show great mercy, if you give him life, 685
After the taste of much correction.
- Henry V. Alas, your too much love and care of me
Are heavy orisons ‘gainst this poor wretch!
If little faults, proceeding on distemper,
Shall not be wink’d at, how shall we stretch our eye 690
When capital crimes, chew’d, swallow’d and digested,
Appear before us? We’ll yet enlarge that man,
Though Cambridge, Scroop and Grey, in their dear care
And tender preservation of our person,
Would have him punished. And now to our French causes: 695
Who are the late commissioners?
- Earl of Cambridge. I one, my lord:
Your highness bade me ask for it to-day.
- Lord Scroop. So did you me, my liege.
- Sir Thomas Grey. And I, my royal sovereign. 700
- Henry V. Then, Richard Earl of Cambridge, there is yours;
There yours, Lord Scroop of Masham; and, sir knight,
Grey of Northumberland, this same is yours:
Read them; and know, I know your worthiness.
My Lord of Westmoreland, and uncle Exeter, 705
We will aboard to night. Why, how now, gentlemen!
What see you in those papers that you lose
So much complexion? Look ye, how they change!
Their cheeks are paper. Why, what read you there
That hath so cowarded and chased your blood 710
Out of appearance?
- Earl of Cambridge. I do confess my fault;
And do submit me to your highness’ mercy.
- Sir Thomas Grey. [with Scroop] To which we all appeal.
- Henry V. The mercy that was quick in us but late, 715
By your own counsel is suppress’d and kill’d:
You must not dare, for shame, to talk of mercy;
For your own reasons turn into your bosoms,
As dogs upon their masters, worrying you.
See you, my princes, and my noble peers, 720
These English monsters! My Lord of Cambridge here,
You know how apt our love was to accord
To furnish him with all appertinents
Belonging to his honour; and this man
Hath, for a few light crowns, lightly conspired, 725
And sworn unto the practises of France,
To kill us here in Hampton: to the which
This knight, no less for bounty bound to us
Than Cambridge is, hath likewise sworn. But, O,
What shall I say to thee, Lord Scroop? thou cruel, 730
Ingrateful, savage and inhuman creature!
Thou that didst bear the key of all my counsels,
That knew’st the very bottom of my soul,
That almost mightst have coin’d me into gold,
Wouldst thou have practised on me for thy use, 735
May it be possible, that foreign hire
Could out of thee extract one spark of evil
That might annoy my finger? ’tis so strange,
That, though the truth of it stands off as gross
As black and white, my eye will scarcely see it. 740
Treason and murder ever kept together,
As two yoke-devils sworn to either’s purpose,
Working so grossly in a natural cause,
That admiration did not whoop at them:
But thou, ‘gainst all proportion, didst bring in 745
Wonder to wait on treason and on murder:
And whatsoever cunning fiend it was
That wrought upon thee so preposterously
Hath got the voice in hell for excellence:
All other devils that suggest by treasons 750
Do botch and bungle up damnation
With patches, colours, and with forms being fetch’d
From glistering semblances of piety;
But he that temper’d thee bade thee stand up,
Gave thee no instance why thou shouldst do treason, 755
Unless to dub thee with the name of traitor.
If that same demon that hath gull’d thee thus
Should with his lion gait walk the whole world,
He might return to vasty Tartar back,
And tell the legions ‘I can never win 760
A soul so easy as that Englishman’s.’
O, how hast thou with ‘jealousy infected
The sweetness of affiance! Show men dutiful?
Why, so didst thou: seem they grave and learned?
Why, so didst thou: come they of noble family? 765
Why, so didst thou: seem they religious?
Why, so didst thou: or are they spare in diet,
Free from gross passion or of mirth or anger,
Constant in spirit, not swerving with the blood,
Garnish’d and deck’d in modest complement, 770
Not working with the eye without the ear,
And but in purged judgment trusting neither?
Such and so finely bolted didst thou seem:
And thus thy fall hath left a kind of blot,
To mark the full-fraught man and best indued 775
With some suspicion. I will weep for thee;
For this revolt of thine, methinks, is like
Another fall of man. Their faults are open:
Arrest them to the answer of the law;
And God acquit them of their practises! 780
- Duke of Exeter. I arrest thee of high treason, by the name of
Richard Earl of Cambridge.
I arrest thee of high treason, by the name of
Henry Lord Scroop of Masham.
I arrest thee of high treason, by the name of 785
Thomas Grey, knight, of Northumberland.
- Lord Scroop. Our purposes God justly hath discover’d;
And I repent my fault more than my death;
Which I beseech your highness to forgive,
Although my body pay the price of it. 790
- Earl of Cambridge. For me, the gold of France did not seduce;
Although I did admit it as a motive
The sooner to effect what I intended:
But God be thanked for prevention;
Which I in sufferance heartily will rejoice, 795
Beseeching God and you to pardon me.
- Sir Thomas Grey. Never did faithful subject more rejoice
At the discovery of most dangerous treason
Than I do at this hour joy o’er myself.
Prevented from a damned enterprise: 800
My fault, but not my body, pardon, sovereign.
- Henry V. God quit you in his mercy! Hear your sentence.
You have conspired against our royal person,
Join’d with an enemy proclaim’d and from his coffers
Received the golden earnest of our death; 805
Wherein you would have sold your king to slaughter,
His princes and his peers to servitude,
His subjects to oppression and contempt
And his whole kingdom into desolation.
Touching our person seek we no revenge; 810
But we our kingdom’s safety must so tender,
Whose ruin you have sought, that to her laws
We do deliver you. Get you therefore hence,
Poor miserable wretches, to your death:
The taste whereof, God of his mercy give 815
You patience to endure, and true repentance
Of all your dear offences! Bear them hence.
[Exeunt CAMBRIDGE, SCROOP and GREY, guarded]
Now, lords, for France; the enterprise whereof
Shall be to you, as us, like glorious. 820
We doubt not of a fair and lucky war,
Since God so graciously hath brought to light
This dangerous treason lurking in our way
To hinder our beginnings. We doubt not now
But every rub is smoothed on our way. 825
Then forth, dear countrymen: let us deliver
Our puissance into the hand of God,
Putting it straight in expedition.
Cheerly to sea; the signs of war advance:
No king of England, if not king of France. 830
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act II, Scene 3(History of Henry V)
London. Before a tavern.
[Enter PISTOL, Hostess, NYM, BARDOLPH, and Boy]
- Hostess Quickly. Prithee, honey-sweet husband, let me bring thee to Staines.
- Pistol. No; for my manly heart doth yearn.
Bardolph, be blithe: Nym, rouse thy vaunting veins: 835
Boy, bristle thy courage up; for Falstaff he is dead,
And we must yearn therefore.
- Bardolph. Would I were with him, wheresome’er he is, either in
heaven or in hell!
- Hostess Quickly. Nay, sure, he’s not in hell: he’s in Arthur’s 840
bosom, if ever man went to Arthur’s bosom. A’ made
a finer end and went away an it had been any
christom child; a’ parted even just between twelve
and one, even at the turning o’ the tide: for after
I saw him fumble with the sheets and play with 845
flowers and smile upon his fingers’ ends, I knew
there was but one way; for his nose was as sharp as
a pen, and a’ babbled of green fields. ‘How now,
sir John!’ quoth I. ‘what, man! be o’ good
cheer.’ So a’ cried out ‘God, God, God!’ three or 850
four times. Now I, to comfort him, bid him a’
should not think of God; I hoped there was no need
to trouble himself with any such thoughts yet. So
a’ bade me lay more clothes on his feet: I put my
hand into the bed and felt them, and they were as 855
cold as any stone; then I felt to his knees, and
they were as cold as any stone, and so upward and
upward, and all was as cold as any stone.
- Nym. They say he cried out of sack.
- Hostess Quickly. Ay, that a’ did. 860
- Bardolph. And of women.
- Hostess Quickly. Nay, that a’ did not.
- Boy. Yes, that a’ did; and said they were devils
- Hostess Quickly. A’ could never abide carnation; ’twas a colour he 865
- Boy. A’ said once, the devil would have him about women.
- Hostess Quickly. A’ did in some sort, indeed, handle women; but then
he was rheumatic, and talked of the whore of Babylon.
- Boy. Do you not remember, a’ saw a flea stick upon 870
Bardolph’s nose, and a’ said it was a black soul
burning in hell-fire?
- Bardolph. Well, the fuel is gone that maintained that fire:
that’s all the riches I got in his service.
- Nym. Shall we shog? the king will be gone from 875
- Pistol. Come, let’s away. My love, give me thy lips.
Look to my chattels and my movables:
Let senses rule; the word is ‘Pitch and Pay:’
Trust none; 880
For oaths are straws, men’s faiths are wafer-cakes,
And hold-fast is the only dog, my duck:
Therefore, Caveto be thy counsellor.
Go, clear thy crystals. Yoke-fellows in arms,
Let us to France; like horse-leeches, my boys, 885
To suck, to suck, the very blood to suck!
- Boy. And that’s but unwholesome food they say.
- Pistol. Touch her soft mouth, and march.
- Bardolph. Farewell, hostess.
- Nym. I cannot kiss, that is the humour of it; but, adieu.
- Pistol. Let housewifery appear: keep close, I thee command.
- Hostess Quickly. Farewell; adieu.
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act II, Scene 4(History of Henry V)
France. The KING’S palace.
[Flourish. Enter the FRENCH KING, the DAUPHIN, the] [p]DUKES of BERRI and BRETAGNE, the Constable, and others]
- King of France. Thus comes the English with full power upon us;
And more than carefully it us concerns
To answer royally in our defences.
Therefore the Dukes of Berri and of Bretagne, 900
Of Brabant and of Orleans, shall make forth,
And you, Prince Dauphin, with all swift dispatch,
To line and new repair our towns of war
With men of courage and with means defendant;
For England his approaches makes as fierce 905
As waters to the sucking of a gulf.
It fits us then to be as provident
As fear may teach us out of late examples
Left by the fatal and neglected English
Upon our fields. 910
- Lewis the Dauphin. My most redoubted father,
It is most meet we arm us ‘gainst the foe;
For peace itself should not so dull a kingdom,
Though war nor no known quarrel were in question,
But that defences, musters, preparations, 915
Should be maintain’d, assembled and collected,
As were a war in expectation.
Therefore, I say ’tis meet we all go forth
To view the sick and feeble parts of France:
And let us do it with no show of fear; 920
No, with no more than if we heard that England
Were busied with a Whitsun morris-dance:
For, my good liege, she is so idly king’d,
Her sceptre so fantastically borne
By a vain, giddy, shallow, humorous youth, 925
That fear attends her not.
- Constable of France. O peace, Prince Dauphin!
You are too much mistaken in this king:
Question your grace the late ambassadors,
With what great state he heard their embassy, 930
How well supplied with noble counsellors,
How modest in exception, and withal
How terrible in constant resolution,
And you shall find his vanities forespent
Were but the outside of the Roman Brutus, 935
Covering discretion with a coat of folly;
As gardeners do with ordure hide those roots
That shall first spring and be most delicate.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Well, ’tis not so, my lord high constable;
But though we think it so, it is no matter: 940
In cases of defence ’tis best to weigh
The enemy more mighty than he seems:
So the proportions of defence are fill’d;
Which of a weak or niggardly projection
Doth, like a miser, spoil his coat with scanting 945
A little cloth.
- King of France. Think we King Harry strong;
And, princes, look you strongly arm to meet him.
The kindred of him hath been flesh’d upon us;
And he is bred out of that bloody strain 950
That haunted us in our familiar paths:
Witness our too much memorable shame
When Cressy battle fatally was struck,
And all our princes captiv’d by the hand
Of that black name, Edward, Black Prince of Wales; 955
Whiles that his mountain sire, on mountain standing,
Up in the air, crown’d with the golden sun,
Saw his heroical seed, and smiled to see him,
Mangle the work of nature and deface
The patterns that by God and by French fathers 960
Had twenty years been made. This is a stem
Of that victorious stock; and let us fear
The native mightiness and fate of him.
[Enter a Messenger]
- Messenger. Ambassadors from Harry King of England 965
Do crave admittance to your majesty.
- King of France. We’ll give them present audience. Go, and bring them.
[Exeunt Messenger and certain Lords]
You see this chase is hotly follow’d, friends.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Turn head, and stop pursuit; for coward dogs 970
Most spend their mouths when what they seem to threaten
Runs far before them. Good my sovereign,
Take up the English short, and let them know
Of what a monarchy you are the head:
Self-love, my liege, is not so vile a sin 975
[Re-enter Lords, with EXETER and train]
- King of France. From our brother England?
- Duke of Exeter. From him; and thus he greets your majesty.
He wills you, in the name of God Almighty, 980
That you divest yourself, and lay apart
The borrow’d glories that by gift of heaven,
By law of nature and of nations, ‘long
To him and to his heirs; namely, the crown
And all wide-stretched honours that pertain 985
By custom and the ordinance of times
Unto the crown of France. That you may know
‘Tis no sinister nor no awkward claim,
Pick’d from the worm-holes of long-vanish’d days,
Nor from the dust of old oblivion raked, 990
He sends you this most memorable line,
In every branch truly demonstrative;
Willing to overlook this pedigree:
And when you find him evenly derived
From his most famed of famous ancestors, 995
Edward the Third, he bids you then resign
Your crown and kingdom, indirectly held
From him the native and true challenger.
- King of France. Or else what follows?
- Duke of Exeter. Bloody constraint; for if you hide the crown 1000
Even in your hearts, there will he rake for it:
Therefore in fierce tempest is he coming,
In thunder and in earthquake, like a Jove,
That, if requiring fail, he will compel;
And bids you, in the bowels of the Lord, 1005
Deliver up the crown, and to take mercy
On the poor souls for whom this hungry war
Opens his vasty jaws; and on your head
Turning the widows’ tears, the orphans’ cries
The dead men’s blood, the pining maidens groans, 1010
For husbands, fathers and betrothed lovers,
That shall be swallow’d in this controversy.
This is his claim, his threatening and my message;
Unless the Dauphin be in presence here,
To whom expressly I bring greeting too. 1015
- King of France. For us, we will consider of this further:
To-morrow shall you bear our full intent
Back to our brother England.
- Lewis the Dauphin. For the Dauphin,
I stand here for him: what to him from England? 1020
- Duke of Exeter. Scorn and defiance; slight regard, contempt,
And any thing that may not misbecome
The mighty sender, doth he prize you at.
Thus says my king; an’ if your father’s highness
Do not, in grant of all demands at large, 1025
Sweeten the bitter mock you sent his majesty,
He’ll call you to so hot an answer of it,
That caves and womby vaultages of France
Shall chide your trespass and return your mock
In second accent of his ordnance. 1030
- Lewis the Dauphin. Say, if my father render fair return,
It is against my will; for I desire
Nothing but odds with England: to that end,
As matching to his youth and vanity,
I did present him with the Paris balls. 1035
- Duke of Exeter. He’ll make your Paris Louvre shake for it,
Were it the mistress-court of mighty Europe:
And, be assured, you’ll find a difference,
As we his subjects have in wonder found,
Between the promise of his greener days 1040
And these he masters now: now he weighs time
Even to the utmost grain: that you shall read
In your own losses, if he stay in France.
- King of France. To-morrow shall you know our mind at full.
- Duke of Exeter. Dispatch us with all speed, lest that our king 1045
Come here himself to question our delay;
For he is footed in this land already.
- King of France. You shall be soon dispatch’s with fair conditions:
A night is but small breath and little pause
To answer matters of this consequence. 1050
- Chorus. Thus with imagined wing our swift scene flies
In motion of no less celerity
Than that of thought. Suppose that you have seen 1055
The well-appointed king at Hampton pier
Embark his royalty; and his brave fleet
With silken streamers the young Phoebus fanning:
Play with your fancies, and in them behold
Upon the hempen tackle ship-boys climbing; 1060
Hear the shrill whistle which doth order give
To sounds confused; behold the threaden sails,
Borne with the invisible and creeping wind,
Draw the huge bottoms through the furrow’d sea,
Breasting the lofty surge: O, do but think 1065
You stand upon the ravage and behold
A city on the inconstant billows dancing;
For so appears this fleet majestical,
Holding due course to Harfleur. Follow, follow:
Grapple your minds to sternage of this navy, 1070
And leave your England, as dead midnight still,
Guarded with grandsires, babies and old women,
Either past or not arrived to pith and puissance;
For who is he, whose chin is but enrich’d
With one appearing hair, that will not follow 1075
These cull’d and choice-drawn cavaliers to France?
Work, work your thoughts, and therein see a siege;
Behold the ordnance on their carriages,
With fatal mouths gaping on girded Harfleur.
Suppose the ambassador from the French comes back; 1080
Tells Harry that the king doth offer him
Katharine his daughter, and with her, to dowry,
Some petty and unprofitable dukedoms.
The offer likes not: and the nimble gunner
With linstock now the devilish cannon touches, 1085
[Alarum, and chambers go off]
And down goes all before them. Still be kind,
And eke out our performance with your mind.
[Exit](History of Henry V)
Act III, Scene 1(History of Henry V)
France. Before Harfleur.
[Alarum. Enter KING HENRY, EXETER, BEDFORD,] [p]GLOUCESTER, and Soldiers, with scaling-ladders]
- Henry V. Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more;
Or close the wall up with our English dead.
In peace there’s nothing so becomes a man
As modest stillness and humility: 1095
But when the blast of war blows in our ears,
Then imitate the action of the tiger;
Stiffen the sinews, summon up the blood,
Disguise fair nature with hard-favour’d rage;
Then lend the eye a terrible aspect; 1100
Let pry through the portage of the head
Like the brass cannon; let the brow o’erwhelm it
As fearfully as doth a galled rock
O’erhang and jutty his confounded base,
Swill’d with the wild and wasteful ocean. 1105
Now set the teeth and stretch the nostril wide,
Hold hard the breath and bend up every spirit
To his full height. On, on, you noblest English.
Whose blood is fet from fathers of war-proof!
Fathers that, like so many Alexanders, 1110
Have in these parts from morn till even fought
And sheathed their swords for lack of argument:
Dishonour not your mothers; now attest
That those whom you call’d fathers did beget you.
Be copy now to men of grosser blood, 1115
And teach them how to war. And you, good yeoman,
Whose limbs were made in England, show us here
The mettle of your pasture; let us swear
That you are worth your breeding; which I doubt not;
For there is none of you so mean and base, 1120
That hath not noble lustre in your eyes.
I see you stand like greyhounds in the slips,
Straining upon the start. The game’s afoot:
Follow your spirit, and upon this charge
Cry ‘God for Harry, England, and Saint George!’ 1125
[Exeunt. Alarum, and chambers go off]
Act III, Scene 2(History of Henry V)
[Enter NYM, BARDOLPH, PISTOL, and Boy]
- Bardolph. On, on, on, on, on! to the breach, to the breach!
- Nym. Pray thee, corporal, stay: the knocks are too hot;
and, for mine own part, I have not a case of lives: 1130
the humour of it is too hot, that is the very
plain-song of it.
- Pistol. The plain-song is most just: for humours do abound:
Knocks go and come; God’s vassals drop and die;
And sword and shield, 1135
In bloody field,
Doth win immortal fame.
- Boy. Would I were in an alehouse in London! I would give
all my fame for a pot of ale and safety.
- Pistol. And I: 1140
If wishes would prevail with me,
My purpose should not fail with me,
But thither would I hie.
- Boy. As duly, but not as truly,
As bird doth sing on bough. 1145
- Fluellen. Up to the breach, you dogs! avaunt, you cullions!
[Driving them forward]
- Pistol. Be merciful, great duke, to men of mould.
Abate thy rage, abate thy manly rage, 1150
Abate thy rage, great duke!
Good bawcock, bate thy rage; use lenity, sweet chuck!
- Nym. These be good humours! your honour wins bad humours.
[Exeunt all but Boy]
- Boy. As young as I am, I have observed these three 1155
swashers. I am boy to them all three: but all they
three, though they would serve me, could not be man
to me; for indeed three such antics do not amount to
a man. For Bardolph, he is white-livered and
red-faced; by the means whereof a’ faces it out, but 1160
fights not. For Pistol, he hath a killing tongue
and a quiet sword; by the means whereof a’ breaks
words, and keeps whole weapons. For Nym, he hath
heard that men of few words are the best men; and
therefore he scorns to say his prayers, lest a’ 1165
should be thought a coward: but his few bad words
are matched with as few good deeds; for a’ never
broke any man’s head but his own, and that was
against a post when he was drunk. They will steal
any thing, and call it purchase. Bardolph stole a 1170
lute-case, bore it twelve leagues, and sold it for
three half pence. Nym and Bardolph are sworn
brothers in filching, and in Calais they stole a
fire-shovel: I knew by that piece of service the
men would carry coals. They would have me as 1175
familiar with men’s pockets as their gloves or their
handkerchers: which makes much against my manhood,
if I should take from another’s pocket to put into
mine; for it is plain pocketing up of wrongs. I
must leave them, and seek some better service: 1180
their villany goes against my weak stomach, and
therefore I must cast it up.
[Re-enter FLUELLEN, GOWER following]
- Gower. Captain Fluellen, you must come presently to the 1185
mines; the Duke of Gloucester would speak with you.
- Fluellen. To the mines! tell you the duke, it is not so good
to come to the mines; for, look you, the mines is
not according to the disciplines of the war: the
concavities of it is not sufficient; for, look you, 1190
the athversary, you may discuss unto the duke, look
you, is digt himself four yard under the
countermines: by Cheshu, I think a’ will plough up
all, if there is not better directions.
- Gower. The Duke of Gloucester, to whom the order of the 1195
siege is given, is altogether directed by an
Irishman, a very valiant gentleman, i’ faith.
- Fluellen. It is Captain Macmorris, is it not?
- Gower. I think it be.
- Fluellen. By Cheshu, he is an ass, as in the world: I will 1200
verify as much in his beard: be has no more
directions in the true disciplines of the wars, look
you, of the Roman disciplines, than is a puppy-dog.
[Enter MACMORRIS and Captain JAMY]
- Gower. Here a’ comes; and the Scots captain, Captain Jamy, with him. 1205
- Fluellen. Captain Jamy is a marvellous falourous gentleman,
that is certain; and of great expedition and
knowledge in th’ aunchient wars, upon my particular
knowledge of his directions: by Cheshu, he will
maintain his argument as well as any military man in 1210
the world, in the disciplines of the pristine wars
of the Romans.
- Jamy. I say gud-day, Captain Fluellen.
- Fluellen. God-den to your worship, good Captain James.
- Gower. How now, Captain Macmorris! have you quit the 1215
mines? have the pioneers given o’er?
- Macmorris. By Chrish, la! tish ill done: the work ish give
over, the trompet sound the retreat. By my hand, I
swear, and my father’s soul, the work ish ill done;
it ish give over: I would have blowed up the town, so 1220
Chrish save me, la! in an hour: O, tish ill done,
tish ill done; by my hand, tish ill done!
- Fluellen. Captain Macmorris, I beseech you now, will you
voutsafe me, look you, a few disputations with you,
as partly touching or concerning the disciplines of 1225
the war, the Roman wars, in the way of argument,
look you, and friendly communication; partly to
satisfy my opinion, and partly for the satisfaction,
look you, of my mind, as touching the direction of
the military discipline; that is the point. 1230
- Jamy. It sall be vary gud, gud feith, gud captains bath:
and I sall quit you with gud leve, as I may pick
occasion; that sall I, marry.
- Macmorris. It is no time to discourse, so Chrish save me: the
day is hot, and the weather, and the wars, and the 1235
king, and the dukes: it is no time to discourse. The
town is beseeched, and the trumpet call us to the
breach; and we talk, and, be Chrish, do nothing:
’tis shame for us all: so God sa’ me, ’tis shame to
stand still; it is shame, by my hand: and there is 1240
throats to be cut, and works to be done; and there
ish nothing done, so Chrish sa’ me, la!
- Jamy. By the mess, ere theise eyes of mine take themselves
to slomber, ay’ll de gud service, or ay’ll lig i’
the grund for it; ay, or go to death; and ay’ll pay 1245
‘t as valourously as I may, that sall I suerly do,
that is the breff and the long. Marry, I wad full
fain hear some question ‘tween you tway.
- Fluellen. Captain Macmorris, I think, look you, under your
correction, there is not many of your nation— 1250
- Macmorris. Of my nation! What ish my nation? Ish a villain,
and a bastard, and a knave, and a rascal. What ish
my nation? Who talks of my nation?
- Fluellen. Look you, if you take the matter otherwise than is
meant, Captain Macmorris, peradventure I shall think 1255
you do not use me with that affability as in
discretion you ought to use me, look you: being as
good a man as yourself, both in the disciplines of
war, and in the derivation of my birth, and in
other particularities. 1260
- Macmorris. I do not know you so good a man as myself: so
Chrish save me, I will cut off your head.
- Gower. Gentlemen both, you will mistake each other.
- Jamy. A! that’s a foul fault.
[A parley sounded]
- Gower. The town sounds a parley.
- Fluellen. Captain Macmorris, when there is more better
opportunity to be required, look you, I will be so
bold as to tell you I know the disciplines of war;
and there is an end. 1270
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act III, Scene 3(History of Henry V)
The same. Before the gates.
[The Governor and some Citizens on the walls; the English forces below. Enter KING HENRY and his train]
- Henry V. How yet resolves the governor of the town?
This is the latest parle we will admit;
Therefore to our best mercy give yourselves; 1275
Or like to men proud of destruction
Defy us to our worst: for, as I am a soldier,
A name that in my thoughts becomes me best,
If I begin the battery once again,
I will not leave the half-achieved Harfleur 1280
Till in her ashes she lie buried.
The gates of mercy shall be all shut up,
And the flesh’d soldier, rough and hard of heart,
In liberty of bloody hand shall range
With conscience wide as hell, mowing like grass 1285
Your fresh-fair virgins and your flowering infants.
What is it then to me, if impious war,
Array’d in flames like to the prince of fiends,
Do, with his smirch’d complexion, all fell feats
Enlink’d to waste and desolation? 1290
What is’t to me, when you yourselves are cause,
If your pure maidens fall into the hand
Of hot and forcing violation?
What rein can hold licentious wickedness
When down the hill he holds his fierce career? 1295
We may as bootless spend our vain command
Upon the enraged soldiers in their spoil
As send precepts to the leviathan
To come ashore. Therefore, you men of Harfleur,
Take pity of your town and of your people, 1300
Whiles yet my soldiers are in my command;
Whiles yet the cool and temperate wind of grace
O’erblows the filthy and contagious clouds
Of heady murder, spoil and villany.
If not, why, in a moment look to see 1305
The blind and bloody soldier with foul hand
Defile the locks of your shrill-shrieking daughters;
Your fathers taken by the silver beards,
And their most reverend heads dash’d to the walls,
Your naked infants spitted upon pikes, 1310
Whiles the mad mothers with their howls confused
Do break the clouds, as did the wives of Jewry
At Herod’s bloody-hunting slaughtermen.
What say you? will you yield, and this avoid,
Or, guilty in defence, be thus destroy’d? 1315
- Governor of Harfleur. Our expectation hath this day an end:
The Dauphin, whom of succors we entreated,
Returns us that his powers are yet not ready
To raise so great a siege. Therefore, great king,
We yield our town and lives to thy soft mercy. 1320
Enter our gates; dispose of us and ours;
For we no longer are defensible.
- Henry V. Open your gates. Come, uncle Exeter,
Go you and enter Harfleur; there remain,
And fortify it strongly ‘gainst the French: 1325
Use mercy to them all. For us, dear uncle,
The winter coming on and sickness growing
Upon our soldiers, we will retire to Calais.
To-night in Harfleur we will be your guest;
To-morrow for the march are we addrest. 1330
[Flourish. The King and his train enter the town]
Act III, Scene 4(History of Henry V)
The FRENCH KING’s palace.
[Enter KATHARINE and ALICE]
- Katharine. Alice, tu as ete en Angleterre, et tu parles bien le langage.
- Alice. Un peu, madame.
- Katharine. Je te prie, m’enseignez: il faut que j’apprenne a 1335
parler. Comment appelez-vous la main en Anglois?
- Alice. La main? elle est appelee de hand.
- Katharine. De hand. Et les doigts?
- Alice. Les doigts? ma foi, j’oublie les doigts; mais je me
souviendrai. Les doigts? je pense qu’ils sont 1340
appeles de fingres; oui, de fingres.
- Katharine. La main, de hand; les doigts, de fingres. Je pense
que je suis le bon ecolier; j’ai gagne deux mots
d’Anglois vitement. Comment appelez-vous les ongles?
- Alice. Les ongles? nous les appelons de nails. 1345
- Katharine. De nails. Ecoutez; dites-moi, si je parle bien: de
hand, de fingres, et de nails.
- Alice. C’est bien dit, madame; il est fort bon Anglois.
- Katharine. Dites-moi l’Anglois pour le bras.
- Alice. De arm, madame. 1350
- Katharine. Et le coude?
- Alice. De elbow.
- Katharine. De elbow. Je m’en fais la repetition de tous les
mots que vous m’avez appris des a present.
- Alice. Il est trop difficile, madame, comme je pense. 1355
- Katharine. Excusez-moi, Alice; ecoutez: de hand, de fingres,
de nails, de arma, de bilbow.
- Alice. De elbow, madame.
- Katharine. O Seigneur Dieu, je m’en oublie! de elbow. Comment
appelez-vous le col? 1360
- Alice. De neck, madame.
- Katharine. De nick. Et le menton?
- Alice. De chin.
- Katharine. De sin. Le col, de nick; de menton, de sin.
- Alice. Oui. Sauf votre honneur, en verite, vous prononcez 1365
les mots aussi droit que les natifs d’Angleterre.
- Katharine. Je ne doute point d’apprendre, par la grace de Dieu,
et en peu de temps.
- Alice. N’avez vous pas deja oublie ce que je vous ai enseigne?
- Katharine. Non, je reciterai a vous promptement: de hand, de 1370
fingres, de mails—
- Alice. De nails, madame.
- Katharine. De nails, de arm, de ilbow.
- Alice. Sauf votre honneur, de elbow.
- Katharine. Ainsi dis-je; de elbow, de nick, et de sin. Comment 1375
appelez-vous le pied et la robe?
- Alice. De foot, madame; et de coun.
- Katharine. De foot et de coun! O Seigneur Dieu! ce sont mots
de son mauvais, corruptible, gros, et impudique, et
non pour les dames d’honneur d’user: je ne voudrais 1380
prononcer ces mots devant les seigneurs de France
pour tout le monde. Foh! le foot et le coun!
Neanmoins, je reciterai une autre fois ma lecon
ensemble: de hand, de fingres, de nails, de arm, de
elbow, de nick, de sin, de foot, de coun. 1385
- Alice. Excellent, madame!
- Katharine. C’est assez pour une fois: allons-nous a diner.
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act III, Scene 5(History of Henry V)
[Enter the KING OF FRANCE, the DAUPHIN, the DUKE oF] [p]BOURBON, the Constable Of France, and others]
- King of France. ‘Tis certain he hath pass’d the river Somme.
- Constable of France. And if he be not fought withal, my lord,
Let us not live in France; let us quit all
And give our vineyards to a barbarous people.
- Lewis the Dauphin. O Dieu vivant! shall a few sprays of us, 1395
The emptying of our fathers’ luxury,
Our scions, put in wild and savage stock,
Spirt up so suddenly into the clouds,
And overlook their grafters?
- Duke of Bourbon. Normans, but bastard Normans, Norman bastards! 1400
Mort de ma vie! if they march along
Unfought withal, but I will sell my dukedom,
To buy a slobbery and a dirty farm
In that nook-shotten isle of Albion.
- Constable of France. Dieu de batailles! where have they this mettle? 1405
Is not their climate foggy, raw and dull,
On whom, as in despite, the sun looks pale,
Killing their fruit with frowns? Can sodden water,
A drench for sur-rein’d jades, their barley-broth,
Decoct their cold blood to such valiant heat? 1410
And shall our quick blood, spirited with wine,
Seem frosty? O, for honour of our land,
Let us not hang like roping icicles
Upon our houses’ thatch, whiles a more frosty people
Sweat drops of gallant youth in our rich fields! 1415
Poor we may call them in their native lords.
- Lewis the Dauphin. By faith and honour,
Our madams mock at us, and plainly say
Our mettle is bred out and they will give
Their bodies to the lust of English youth 1420
To new-store France with bastard warriors.
- Duke of Bourbon. They bid us to the English dancing-schools,
And teach lavoltas high and swift corantos;
Saying our grace is only in our heels,
And that we are most lofty runaways. 1425
- King of France. Where is Montjoy the herald? speed him hence:
Let him greet England with our sharp defiance.
Up, princes! and, with spirit of honour edged
More sharper than your swords, hie to the field:
Charles Delabreth, high constable of France; 1430
You Dukes of Orleans, Bourbon, and of Berri,
Alencon, Brabant, Bar, and Burgundy;
Jaques Chatillon, Rambures, Vaudemont,
Beaumont, Grandpre, Roussi, and Fauconberg,
Foix, Lestrale, Bouciqualt, and Charolois; 1435
High dukes, great princes, barons, lords and knights,
For your great seats now quit you of great shames.
Bar Harry England, that sweeps through our land
With pennons painted in the blood of Harfleur:
Rush on his host, as doth the melted snow 1440
Upon the valleys, whose low vassal seat
The Alps doth spit and void his rheum upon:
Go down upon him, you have power enough,
And in a captive chariot into Rouen
Bring him our prisoner. 1445
- Constable of France. This becomes the great.
Sorry am I his numbers are so few,
His soldiers sick and famish’d in their march,
For I am sure, when he shall see our army,
He’ll drop his heart into the sink of fear 1450
And for achievement offer us his ransom.
- King of France. Therefore, lord constable, haste on Montjoy.
And let him say to England that we send
To know what willing ransom he will give.
Prince Dauphin, you shall stay with us in Rouen. 1455
- Lewis the Dauphin. Not so, I do beseech your majesty.
- King of France. Be patient, for you shall remain with us.
Now forth, lord constable and princes all,
And quickly bring us word of England’s fall.
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act III, Scene 6(History of Henry V)
The English camp in Picardy.
[Enter GOWER and FLUELLEN, meeting]
- Gower. How now, Captain Fluellen! come you from the bridge?
- Fluellen. I assure you, there is very excellent services
committed at the bridge.
- Gower. Is the Duke of Exeter safe? 1465
- Fluellen. The Duke of Exeter is as magnanimous as Agamemnon;
and a man that I love and honour with my soul, and my
heart, and my duty, and my life, and my living, and
my uttermost power: he is not-God be praised and
blessed!—any hurt in the world; but keeps the 1470
bridge most valiantly, with excellent discipline.
There is an aunchient lieutenant there at the
pridge, I think in my very conscience he is as
valiant a man as Mark Antony; and he is a man of no
estimation in the world; but did see him do as 1475
- Gower. What do you call him?
- Fluellen. He is called Aunchient Pistol.
- Gower. I know him not.
- Fluellen. Here is the man.
- Pistol. Captain, I thee beseech to do me favours:
The Duke of Exeter doth love thee well.
- Fluellen. Ay, I praise God; and I have merited some love at
his hands. 1485
- Pistol. Bardolph, a soldier, firm and sound of heart,
And of buxom valour, hath, by cruel fate,
And giddy Fortune’s furious fickle wheel,
That goddess blind,
That stands upon the rolling restless stone— 1490
- Fluellen. By your patience, Aunchient Pistol. Fortune is
painted blind, with a muffler afore her eyes, to
signify to you that Fortune is blind; and she is
painted also with a wheel, to signify to you, which
is the moral of it, that she is turning, and 1495
inconstant, and mutability, and variation: and her
foot, look you, is fixed upon a spherical stone,
which rolls, and rolls, and rolls: in good truth,
the poet makes a most excellent description of it:
Fortune is an excellent moral. 1500
- Pistol. Fortune is Bardolph’s foe, and frowns on him;
For he hath stolen a pax, and hanged must a’ be:
A damned death!
Let gallows gape for dog; let man go free
And let not hemp his wind-pipe suffocate: 1505
But Exeter hath given the doom of death
For pax of little price.
Therefore, go speak: the duke will hear thy voice:
And let not Bardolph’s vital thread be cut
With edge of penny cord and vile reproach: 1510
Speak, captain, for his life, and I will thee requite.
- Fluellen. Aunchient Pistol, I do partly understand your meaning.
- Pistol. Why then, rejoice therefore.
- Fluellen. Certainly, aunchient, it is not a thing to rejoice
at: for if, look you, he were my brother, I would 1515
desire the duke to use his good pleasure, and put
him to execution; for discipline ought to be used.
- Pistol. Die and be damn’d! and figo for thy friendship!
- Fluellen. It is well.
- Pistol. The fig of Spain! 1520
- Fluellen. Very good.
- Gower. Why, this is an arrant counterfeit rascal; I
remember him now; a bawd, a cutpurse.
- Fluellen. I’ll assure you, a’ uttered as brave words at the 1525
bridge as you shall see in a summer’s day. But it
is very well; what he has spoke to me, that is well,
I warrant you, when time is serve.
- Gower. Why, ’tis a gull, a fool, a rogue, that now and then
goes to the wars, to grace himself at his return 1530
into London under the form of a soldier. And such
fellows are perfect in the great commanders’ names:
and they will learn you by rote where services were
done; at such and such a sconce, at such a breach,
at such a convoy; who came off bravely, who was 1535
shot, who disgraced, what terms the enemy stood on;
and this they con perfectly in the phrase of war,
which they trick up with new-tuned oaths: and what
a beard of the general’s cut and a horrid suit of
the camp will do among foaming bottles and 1540
ale-washed wits, is wonderful to be thought on. But
you must learn to know such slanders of the age, or
else you may be marvellously mistook.
- Fluellen. I tell you what, Captain Gower; I do perceive he is
not the man that he would gladly make show to the 1545
world he is: if I find a hole in his coat, I will
tell him my mind.
Hark you, the king is coming, and I must speak with
him from the pridge. 1550
[Drum and colours. Enter KING HENRY, GLOUCESTER, and Soldiers]
God pless your majesty!
- Henry V. How now, Fluellen! camest thou from the bridge?
- Fluellen. Ay, so please your majesty. The Duke of Exeter has
very gallantly maintained the pridge: the French is 1555
gone off, look you; and there is gallant and most
prave passages; marry, th’ athversary was have
possession of the pridge; but he is enforced to
retire, and the Duke of Exeter is master of the
pridge: I can tell your majesty, the duke is a 1560
- Henry V. What men have you lost, Fluellen?
- Fluellen. The perdition of th’ athversary hath been very
great, reasonable great: marry, for my part, I
think the duke hath lost never a man, but one that 1565
is like to be executed for robbing a church, one
Bardolph, if your majesty know the man: his face is
all bubukles, and whelks, and knobs, and flames o’
fire: and his lips blows at his nose, and it is like
a coal of fire, sometimes plue and sometimes red; 1570
but his nose is executed and his fire’s out.
- Henry V. We would have all such offenders so cut off: and we
give express charge, that in our marches through the
country, there be nothing compelled from the
villages, nothing taken but paid for, none of the 1575
French upbraided or abused in disdainful language;
for when lenity and cruelty play for a kingdom, the
gentler gamester is the soonest winner.
[Tucket. Enter MONTJOY]
- Montjoy. You know me by my habit. 1580
- Henry V. Well then I know thee: what shall I know of thee?
- Montjoy. My master’s mind.
- Henry V. Unfold it.
- Montjoy. Thus says my king: Say thou to Harry of England:
Though we seemed dead, we did but sleep: advantage 1585
is a better soldier than rashness. Tell him we
could have rebuked him at Harfleur, but that we
thought not good to bruise an injury till it were
full ripe: now we speak upon our cue, and our voice
is imperial: England shall repent his folly, see 1590
his weakness, and admire our sufferance. Bid him
therefore consider of his ransom; which must
proportion the losses we have borne, the subjects we
have lost, the disgrace we have digested; which in
weight to re-answer, his pettiness would bow under. 1595
For our losses, his exchequer is too poor; for the
effusion of our blood, the muster of his kingdom too
faint a number; and for our disgrace, his own
person, kneeling at our feet, but a weak and
worthless satisfaction. To this add defiance: and 1600
tell him, for conclusion, he hath betrayed his
followers, whose condemnation is pronounced. So far
my king and master; so much my office.
- Henry V. What is thy name? I know thy quality.
- Montjoy. Montjoy. 1605
- Henry V. Thou dost thy office fairly. Turn thee back.
And tell thy king I do not seek him now;
But could be willing to march on to Calais
Without impeachment: for, to say the sooth,
Though ’tis no wisdom to confess so much 1610
Unto an enemy of craft and vantage,
My people are with sickness much enfeebled,
My numbers lessened, and those few I have
Almost no better than so many French;
Who when they were in health, I tell thee, herald, 1615
I thought upon one pair of English legs
Did march three Frenchmen. Yet, forgive me, God,
That I do brag thus! This your air of France
Hath blown that vice in me: I must repent.
Go therefore, tell thy master here I am; 1620
My ransom is this frail and worthless trunk,
My army but a weak and sickly guard;
Yet, God before, tell him we will come on,
Though France himself and such another neighbour
Stand in our way. There’s for thy labour, Montjoy. 1625
Go bid thy master well advise himself:
If we may pass, we will; if we be hinder’d,
We shall your tawny ground with your red blood
Discolour: and so Montjoy, fare you well.
The sum of all our answer is but this: 1630
We would not seek a battle, as we are;
Nor, as we are, we say we will not shun it:
So tell your master.
- Montjoy. I shall deliver so. Thanks to your highness.
- Duke of Gloucester. I hope they will not come upon us now.
- Henry V. We are in God’s hand, brother, not in theirs.
March to the bridge; it now draws toward night:
Beyond the river we’ll encamp ourselves,
And on to-morrow, bid them march away. 1640
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act III, Scene 7(History of Henry V)
The French camp, near Agincourt:
[Enter the Constable of France, the LORD RAMBURES,] [p]ORLEANS, DAUPHIN, with others]
- Constable of France. Tut! I have the best armour of the world. Would it were day!
- Duke of Orleans. You have an excellent armour; but let my horse have his due. 1645
- Constable of France. It is the best horse of Europe.
- Duke of Orleans. Will it never be morning?
- Lewis the Dauphin. My lord of Orleans, and my lord high constable, you
talk of horse and armour?
- Duke of Orleans. You are as well provided of both as any prince in the world. 1650
- Lewis the Dauphin. What a long night is this! I will not change my
horse with any that treads but on four pasterns.
Ca, ha! he bounds from the earth, as if his
entrails were hairs; le cheval volant, the Pegasus,
chez les narines de feu! When I bestride him, I 1655
soar, I am a hawk: he trots the air; the earth
sings when he touches it; the basest horn of his
hoof is more musical than the pipe of Hermes.
- Duke of Orleans. He’s of the colour of the nutmeg.
- Lewis the Dauphin. And of the heat of the ginger. It is a beast for 1660
Perseus: he is pure air and fire; and the dull
elements of earth and water never appear in him, but
only in Patient stillness while his rider mounts
him: he is indeed a horse; and all other jades you
may call beasts. 1665
- Constable of France. Indeed, my lord, it is a most absolute and excellent horse.
- Lewis the Dauphin. It is the prince of palfreys; his neigh is like the
bidding of a monarch and his countenance enforces homage.
- Duke of Orleans. No more, cousin.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Nay, the man hath no wit that cannot, from the 1670
rising of the lark to the lodging of the lamb, vary
deserved praise on my palfrey: it is a theme as
fluent as the sea: turn the sands into eloquent
tongues, and my horse is argument for them all:
’tis a subject for a sovereign to reason on, and for 1675
a sovereign’s sovereign to ride on; and for the
world, familiar to us and unknown to lay apart
their particular functions and wonder at him. I
once writ a sonnet in his praise and began thus:
‘Wonder of nature,’— 1680
- Duke of Orleans. I have heard a sonnet begin so to one’s mistress.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Then did they imitate that which I composed to my
courser, for my horse is my mistress.
- Duke of Orleans. Your mistress bears well.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Me well; which is the prescript praise and 1685
perfection of a good and particular mistress.
- Constable of France. Nay, for methought yesterday your mistress shrewdly
shook your back.
- Lewis the Dauphin. So perhaps did yours.
- Constable of France. Mine was not bridled. 1690
- Lewis the Dauphin. O then belike she was old and gentle; and you rode,
like a kern of Ireland, your French hose off, and in
your straight strossers.
- Constable of France. You have good judgment in horsemanship.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Be warned by me, then: they that ride so and ride 1695
not warily, fall into foul bogs. I had rather have
my horse to my mistress.
- Constable of France. I had as lief have my mistress a jade.
- Lewis the Dauphin. I tell thee, constable, my mistress wears his own hair.
- Constable of France. I could make as true a boast as that, if I had a sow 1700
to my mistress.
- Lewis the Dauphin. ‘Le chien est retourne a son propre vomissement, et
la truie lavee au bourbier;’ thou makest use of any thing.
- Constable of France. Yet do I not use my horse for my mistress, or any
such proverb so little kin to the purpose. 1705
- Rambures. My lord constable, the armour that I saw in your tent
to-night, are those stars or suns upon it?
- Constable of France. Stars, my lord.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Some of them will fall to-morrow, I hope.
- Constable of France. And yet my sky shall not want. 1710
- Lewis the Dauphin. That may be, for you bear a many superfluously, and
’twere more honour some were away.
- Constable of France. Even as your horse bears your praises; who would
trot as well, were some of your brags dismounted.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Would I were able to load him with his desert! Will 1715
it never be day? I will trot to-morrow a mile, and
my way shall be paved with English faces.
- Constable of France. I will not say so, for fear I should be faced out of
my way: but I would it were morning; for I would
fain be about the ears of the English. 1720
- Rambures. Who will go to hazard with me for twenty prisoners?
- Constable of France. You must first go yourself to hazard, ere you have them.
- Lewis the Dauphin. ‘Tis midnight; I’ll go arm myself.
[Exit](History of Henry V)
- Duke of Orleans. The Dauphin longs for morning. 1725
- Rambures. He longs to eat the English.
- Constable of France. I think he will eat all he kills.
- Duke of Orleans. By the white hand of my lady, he’s a gallant prince.
- Constable of France. Swear by her foot, that she may tread out the oath.
- Duke of Orleans. He is simply the most active gentleman of France. 1730
- Constable of France. Doing is activity; and he will still be doing.
- Duke of Orleans. He never did harm, that I heard of.
- Constable of France. Nor will do none to-morrow: he will keep that good name still.
- Duke of Orleans. I know him to be valiant.
- Constable of France. I was told that by one that knows him better than 1735
- Duke of Orleans. What’s he?
- Constable of France. Marry, he told me so himself; and he said he cared
not who knew it
- Duke of Orleans. He needs not; it is no hidden virtue in him. 1740
- Constable of France. By my faith, sir, but it is; never any body saw it
but his lackey: ’tis a hooded valour; and when it
appears, it will bate.
- Duke of Orleans. Ill will never said well.
- Constable of France. I will cap that proverb with ‘There is flattery in friendship.’ 1745
- Duke of Orleans. And I will take up that with ‘Give the devil his due.’
- Constable of France. Well placed: there stands your friend for the
devil: have at the very eye of that proverb with ‘A
pox of the devil.’
- Duke of Orleans. You are the better at proverbs, by how much ‘A 1750
fool’s bolt is soon shot.’
- Constable of France. You have shot over.
- Duke of Orleans. ‘Tis not the first time you were overshot.
[Enter a Messenger]
- Messenger. My lord high constable, the English lie within 1755
fifteen hundred paces of your tents.
- Constable of France. Who hath measured the ground?
- Messenger. The Lord Grandpre.
- Constable of France. A valiant and most expert gentleman. Would it were
day! Alas, poor Harry of England! he longs not for 1760
the dawning as we do.
- Duke of Orleans. What a wretched and peevish fellow is this king of
England, to mope with his fat-brained followers so
far out of his knowledge!
- Constable of France. If the English had any apprehension, they would run away. 1765
- Duke of Orleans. That they lack; for if their heads had any
intellectual armour, they could never wear such heavy
- Rambures. That island of England breeds very valiant
creatures; their mastiffs are of unmatchable courage. 1770
- Duke of Orleans. Foolish curs, that run winking into the mouth of a
Russian bear and have their heads crushed like
rotten apples! You may as well say, that’s a
valiant flea that dare eat his breakfast on the lip of a lion.
- Constable of France. Just, just; and the men do sympathize with the 1775
mastiffs in robustious and rough coming on, leaving
their wits with their wives: and then give them
great meals of beef and iron and steel, they will
eat like wolves and fight like devils.
- Duke of Orleans. Ay, but these English are shrewdly out of beef. 1780
- Constable of France. Then shall we find to-morrow they have only stomachs
to eat and none to fight. Now is it time to arm:
come, shall we about it?
- Duke of Orleans. It is now two o’clock: but, let me see, by ten
We shall have each a hundred Englishmen. 1785
- Chorus. Now entertain conjecture of a time
When creeping murmur and the poring dark
Fills the wide vessel of the universe. 1790
From camp to camp through the foul womb of night
The hum of either army stilly sounds,
That the fixed sentinels almost receive
The secret whispers of each other’s watch:
Fire answers fire, and through their paly flames 1795
Each battle sees the other’s umber’d face;
Steed threatens steed, in high and boastful neighs
Piercing the night’s dull ear, and from the tents
The armourers, accomplishing the knights,
With busy hammers closing rivets up, 1800
Give dreadful note of preparation:
The country cocks do crow, the clocks do toll,
And the third hour of drowsy morning name.
Proud of their numbers and secure in soul,
The confident and over-lusty French 1805
Do the low-rated English play at dice;
And chide the cripple tardy-gaited night
Who, like a foul and ugly witch, doth limp
So tediously away. The poor condemned English,
Like sacrifices, by their watchful fires 1810
Sit patiently and inly ruminate
The morning’s danger, and their gesture sad
Investing lank-lean; cheeks and war-worn coats
Presenteth them unto the gazing moon
So many horrid ghosts. O now, who will behold 1815
The royal captain of this ruin’d band
Walking from watch to watch, from tent to tent,
Let him cry ‘Praise and glory on his head!’
For forth he goes and visits all his host.
Bids them good morrow with a modest smile 1820
And calls them brothers, friends and countrymen.
Upon his royal face there is no note
How dread an army hath enrounded him;
Nor doth he dedicate one jot of colour
Unto the weary and all-watched night, 1825
But freshly looks and over-bears attaint
With cheerful semblance and sweet majesty;
That every wretch, pining and pale before,
Beholding him, plucks comfort from his looks:
A largess universal like the sun 1830
His liberal eye doth give to every one,
Thawing cold fear, that mean and gentle all,
Behold, as may unworthiness define,
A little touch of Harry in the night.
And so our scene must to the battle fly; 1835
Where—O for pity!—we shall much disgrace
With four or five most vile and ragged foils,
Right ill-disposed in brawl ridiculous,
The name of Agincourt. Yet sit and see,
Minding true things by what their mockeries be. 1840
[Exit](History of Henry V)
Act IV, Scene 1(History of Henry V)
The English camp at Agincourt.
[Enter KING HENRY, BEDFORD, and GLOUCESTER]
- Henry V. Gloucester, ’tis true that we are in great danger;
The greater therefore should our courage be.
Good morrow, brother Bedford. God Almighty! 1845
There is some soul of goodness in things evil,
Would men observingly distil it out.
For our bad neighbour makes us early stirrers,
Which is both healthful and good husbandry:
Besides, they are our outward consciences, 1850
And preachers to us all, admonishing
That we should dress us fairly for our end.
Thus may we gather honey from the weed,
And make a moral of the devil himself.
[Enter ERPINGHAM] 1855
Good morrow, old Sir Thomas Erpingham:
A good soft pillow for that good white head
Were better than a churlish turf of France.
- Sir Thomas Erpingham. Not so, my liege: this lodging likes me better,
Since I may say ‘Now lie I like a king.’ 1860
- Henry V. ‘Tis good for men to love their present pains
Upon example; so the spirit is eased:
And when the mind is quicken’d, out of doubt,
The organs, though defunct and dead before,
Break up their drowsy grave and newly move, 1865
With casted slough and fresh legerity.
Lend me thy cloak, Sir Thomas. Brothers both,
Commend me to the princes in our camp;
Do my good morrow to them, and anon
Desire them an to my pavilion. 1870
- Duke of Gloucester. We shall, my liege.
- Sir Thomas Erpingham. Shall I attend your grace?
- Henry V. No, my good knight;
Go with my brothers to my lords of England:
I and my bosom must debate awhile, 1875
And then I would no other company.
- Sir Thomas Erpingham. The Lord in heaven bless thee, noble Harry!
[Exeunt all but KING HENRY]
- Henry V. God-a-mercy, old heart! thou speak’st cheerfully.
- Pistol. Qui va la?
- Henry V. A friend.
- Pistol. Discuss unto me; art thou officer?
Or art thou base, common and popular?
- Henry V. I am a gentleman of a company. 1885
- Pistol. Trail’st thou the puissant pike?
- Henry V. Even so. What are you?
- Pistol. As good a gentleman as the emperor.
- Henry V. Then you are a better than the king.
- Pistol. The king’s a bawcock, and a heart of gold, 1890
A lad of life, an imp of fame;
Of parents good, of fist most valiant.
I kiss his dirty shoe, and from heart-string
I love the lovely bully. What is thy name?
- Henry V. Harry le Roy. 1895
- Pistol. Le Roy! a Cornish name: art thou of Cornish crew?
- Henry V. No, I am a Welshman.
- Pistol. Know’st thou Fluellen?
- Henry V. Yes.
- Pistol. Tell him, I’ll knock his leek about his pate 1900
Upon Saint Davy’s day.
- Henry V. Do not you wear your dagger in your cap that day,
lest he knock that about yours.
- Pistol. Art thou his friend?
- Henry V. And his kinsman too. 1905
- Pistol. The figo for thee, then!
- Henry V. I thank you: God be with you!
- Pistol. My name is Pistol call’d.
- Henry V. It sorts well with your fierceness. 1910
[Enter FLUELLEN and GOWER]
- Gower. Captain Fluellen!
- Fluellen. So! in the name of Jesu Christ, speak lower. It is
the greatest admiration of the universal world, when
the true and aunchient prerogatifes and laws of the 1915
wars is not kept: if you would take the pains but to
examine the wars of Pompey the Great, you shall
find, I warrant you, that there is no tiddle toddle
nor pibble pabble in Pompey’s camp; I warrant you,
you shall find the ceremonies of the wars, and the 1920
cares of it, and the forms of it, and the sobriety
of it, and the modesty of it, to be otherwise.
- Gower. Why, the enemy is loud; you hear him all night.
- Fluellen. If the enemy is an ass and a fool and a prating
coxcomb, is it meet, think you, that we should also, 1925
look you, be an ass and a fool and a prating
coxcomb? in your own conscience, now?
- Gower. I will speak lower.
- Fluellen. I pray you and beseech you that you will.
[Exeunt GOWER and FLUELLEN]
- Henry V. Though it appear a little out of fashion,
There is much care and valour in this Welshman.
[Enter three soldiers, JOHN BATES, ALEXANDER COURT, and MICHAEL WILLIAMS]
- Court. Brother John Bates, is not that the morning which
breaks yonder? 1935
- Bates. I think it be: but we have no great cause to desire
the approach of day.
- Williams. We see yonder the beginning of the day, but I think
we shall never see the end of it. Who goes there?
- Henry V. A friend. 1940
- Williams. Under what captain serve you?
- Henry V. Under Sir Thomas Erpingham.
- Williams. A good old commander and a most kind gentleman: I
pray you, what thinks he of our estate?
- Henry V. Even as men wrecked upon a sand, that look to be 1945
washed off the next tide.
- Bates. He hath not told his thought to the king?
- Henry V. No; nor it is not meet he should. For, though I
speak it to you, I think the king is but a man, as I
am: the violet smells to him as it doth to me: the 1950
element shows to him as it doth to me; all his
senses have but human conditions: his ceremonies
laid by, in his nakedness he appears but a man; and
though his affections are higher mounted than ours,
yet, when they stoop, they stoop with the like 1955
wing. Therefore when he sees reason of fears, as we
do, his fears, out of doubt, be of the same relish
as ours are: yet, in reason, no man should possess
him with any appearance of fear, lest he, by showing
it, should dishearten his army. 1960
- Bates. He may show what outward courage he will; but I
believe, as cold a night as ’tis, he could wish
himself in Thames up to the neck; and so I would he
were, and I by him, at all adventures, so we were quit here.
- Henry V. By my troth, I will speak my conscience of the king: 1965
I think he would not wish himself any where but
where he is.
- Bates. Then I would he were here alone; so should he be
sure to be ransomed, and a many poor men’s lives saved.
- Henry V. I dare say you love him not so ill, to wish him here 1970
alone, howsoever you speak this to feel other men’s
minds: methinks I could not die any where so
contented as in the king’s company; his cause being
just and his quarrel honourable.
- Williams. That’s more than we know. 1975
- Bates. Ay, or more than we should seek after; for we know
enough, if we know we are the kings subjects: if
his cause be wrong, our obedience to the king wipes
the crime of it out of us.
- Williams. But if the cause be not good, the king himself hath 1980
a heavy reckoning to make, when all those legs and
arms and heads, chopped off in battle, shall join
together at the latter day and cry all ‘We died at
such a place;’ some swearing, some crying for a
surgeon, some upon their wives left poor behind 1985
them, some upon the debts they owe, some upon their
children rawly left. I am afeard there are few die
well that die in a battle; for how can they
charitably dispose of any thing, when blood is their
argument? Now, if these men do not die well, it 1990
will be a black matter for the king that led them to
it; whom to disobey were against all proportion of
- Henry V. So, if a son that is by his father sent about
merchandise do sinfully miscarry upon the sea, the 1995
imputation of his wickedness by your rule, should be
imposed upon his father that sent him: or if a
servant, under his master’s command transporting a
sum of money, be assailed by robbers and die in
many irreconciled iniquities, you may call the 2000
business of the master the author of the servant’s
damnation: but this is not so: the king is not
bound to answer the particular endings of his
soldiers, the father of his son, nor the master of
his servant; for they purpose not their death, when 2005
they purpose their services. Besides, there is no
king, be his cause never so spotless, if it come to
the arbitrement of swords, can try it out with all
unspotted soldiers: some peradventure have on them
the guilt of premeditated and contrived murder; 2010
some, of beguiling virgins with the broken seals of
perjury; some, making the wars their bulwark, that
have before gored the gentle bosom of peace with
pillage and robbery. Now, if these men have
defeated the law and outrun native punishment, 2015
though they can outstrip men, they have no wings to
fly from God: war is his beadle, war is vengeance;
so that here men are punished for before-breach of
the king’s laws in now the king’s quarrel: where
they feared the death, they have borne life away; 2020
and where they would be safe, they perish: then if
they die unprovided, no more is the king guilty of
their damnation than he was before guilty of those
impieties for the which they are now visited. Every
subject’s duty is the king’s; but every subject’s 2025
soul is his own. Therefore should every soldier in
the wars do as every sick man in his bed, wash every
mote out of his conscience: and dying so, death
is to him advantage; or not dying, the time was
blessedly lost wherein such preparation was gained: 2030
and in him that escapes, it were not sin to think
that, making God so free an offer, He let him
outlive that day to see His greatness and to teach
others how they should prepare.
- Williams. ‘Tis certain, every man that dies ill, the ill upon 2035
his own head, the king is not to answer it.
- Bates. But I do not desire he should answer for me; and
yet I determine to fight lustily for him.
- Henry V. I myself heard the king say he would not be ransomed.
- Williams. Ay, he said so, to make us fight cheerfully: but 2040
when our throats are cut, he may be ransomed, and we
ne’er the wiser.
- Henry V. If I live to see it, I will never trust his word after.
- Williams. You pay him then. That’s a perilous shot out of an
elder-gun, that a poor and private displeasure can 2045
do against a monarch! you may as well go about to
turn the sun to ice with fanning in his face with a
peacock’s feather. You’ll never trust his word
after! come, ’tis a foolish saying.
- Henry V. Your reproof is something too round: I should be 2050
angry with you, if the time were convenient.
- Williams. Let it be a quarrel between us, if you live.
- Henry V. I embrace it.
- Williams. How shall I know thee again?
- Henry V. Give me any gage of thine, and I will wear it in my 2055
bonnet: then, if ever thou darest acknowledge it, I
will make it my quarrel.
- Williams. Here’s my glove: give me another of thine.
- Henry V. There.
- Williams. This will I also wear in my cap: if ever thou come 2060
to me and say, after to-morrow, ‘This is my glove,’
by this hand, I will take thee a box on the ear.
- Henry V. If ever I live to see it, I will challenge it.
- Williams. Thou darest as well be hanged.
- Henry V. Well. I will do it, though I take thee in the 2065
- Williams. Keep thy word: fare thee well.
- Bates. Be friends, you English fools, be friends: we have
French quarrels enow, if you could tell how to reckon.
- Henry V. Indeed, the French may lay twenty French crowns to 2070
one, they will beat us; for they bear them on their
shoulders: but it is no English treason to cut
French crowns, and to-morrow the king himself will
be a clipper.
[Exeunt soldiers] 2075
Upon the king! let us our lives, our souls,
Our debts, our careful wives,
Our children and our sins lay on the king!
We must bear all. O hard condition,
Twin-born with greatness, subject to the breath 2080
Of every fool, whose sense no more can feel
But his own wringing! What infinite heart’s-ease
Must kings neglect, that private men enjoy!
And what have kings, that privates have not too,
Save ceremony, save general ceremony? 2085
And what art thou, thou idle ceremony?
What kind of god art thou, that suffer’st more
Of mortal griefs than do thy worshippers?
What are thy rents? what are thy comings in?
O ceremony, show me but thy worth! 2090
What is thy soul of adoration?
Art thou aught else but place, degree and form,
Creating awe and fear in other men?
Wherein thou art less happy being fear’d
Than they in fearing. 2095
What drink’st thou oft, instead of homage sweet,
But poison’d flattery? O, be sick, great greatness,
And bid thy ceremony give thee cure!
Think’st thou the fiery fever will go out
With titles blown from adulation? 2100
Will it give place to flexure and low bending?
Canst thou, when thou command’st the beggar’s knee,
Command the health of it? No, thou proud dream,
That play’st so subtly with a king’s repose;
I am a king that find thee, and I know 2105
‘Tis not the balm, the sceptre and the ball,
The sword, the mace, the crown imperial,
The intertissued robe of gold and pearl,
The farced title running ‘fore the king,
The throne he sits on, nor the tide of pomp 2110
That beats upon the high shore of this world,
No, not all these, thrice-gorgeous ceremony,
Not all these, laid in bed majestical,
Can sleep so soundly as the wretched slave,
Who with a body fill’d and vacant mind 2115
Gets him to rest, cramm’d with distressful bread;
Never sees horrid night, the child of hell,
But, like a lackey, from the rise to set
Sweats in the eye of Phoebus and all night
Sleeps in Elysium; next day after dawn, 2120
Doth rise and help Hyperion to his horse,
And follows so the ever-running year,
With profitable labour, to his grave:
And, but for ceremony, such a wretch,
Winding up days with toil and nights with sleep, 2125
Had the fore-hand and vantage of a king.
The slave, a member of the country’s peace,
Enjoys it; but in gross brain little wots
What watch the king keeps to maintain the peace,
Whose hours the peasant best advantages. 2130
- Sir Thomas Erpingham. My lord, your nobles, jealous of your absence,
Seek through your camp to find you.
- Henry V. Good old knight,
Collect them all together at my tent: 2135
I’ll be before thee.
- Sir Thomas Erpingham. I shall do’t, my lord.
- Henry V. O God of battles! steel my soldiers’ hearts;
Possess them not with fear; take from them now 2140
The sense of reckoning, if the opposed numbers
Pluck their hearts from them. Not to-day, O Lord,
O, not to-day, think not upon the fault
My father made in compassing the crown!
I Richard’s body have interred anew; 2145
And on it have bestow’d more contrite tears
Than from it issued forced drops of blood:
Five hundred poor I have in yearly pay,
Who twice a-day their wither’d hands hold up
Toward heaven, to pardon blood; and I have built 2150
Two chantries, where the sad and solemn priests
Sing still for Richard’s soul. More will I do;
Though all that I can do is nothing worth,
Since that my penitence comes after all,
Imploring pardon. 2155
- Duke of Gloucester. My liege!
- Henry V. My brother Gloucester’s voice? Ay;
I know thy errand, I will go with thee:
The day, my friends and all things stay for me. 2160
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act IV, Scene 2(History of Henry V)
The French camp.
[Enter the DAUPHIN, ORLEANS, RAMBURES, and others]
- Duke of Orleans. The sun doth gild our armour; up, my lords!
- Lewis the Dauphin. Montez A cheval! My horse! varlet! laquais! ha!
- Duke of Orleans. O brave spirit! 2165
- Lewis the Dauphin. Via! les eaux et la terre.
- Duke of Orleans. Rien puis? L’air et la feu.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Ciel, cousin Orleans.
Now, my lord constable! 2170
- Constable of France. Hark, how our steeds for present service neigh!
- Lewis the Dauphin. Mount them, and make incision in their hides,
That their hot blood may spin in English eyes,
And dout them with superfluous courage, ha!
- Rambures. What, will you have them weep our horses’ blood? 2175
How shall we, then, behold their natural tears?
- Messenger. The English are embattled, you French peers.
- Constable of France. To horse, you gallant princes! straight to horse!
Do but behold yon poor and starved band, 2180
And your fair show shall suck away their souls,
Leaving them but the shales and husks of men.
There is not work enough for all our hands;
Scarce blood enough in all their sickly veins
To give each naked curtle-axe a stain, 2185
That our French gallants shall to-day draw out,
And sheathe for lack of sport: let us but blow on them,
The vapour of our valour will o’erturn them.
‘Tis positive ‘gainst all exceptions, lords,
That our superfluous lackeys and our peasants, 2190
Who in unnecessary action swarm
About our squares of battle, were enow
To purge this field of such a hilding foe,
Though we upon this mountain’s basis by
Took stand for idle speculation: 2195
But that our honours must not. What’s to say?
A very little little let us do.
And all is done. Then let the trumpets sound
The tucket sonance and the note to mount;
For our approach shall so much dare the field 2200
That England shall couch down in fear and yield.
- Grandpre. Why do you stay so long, my lords of France?
Yon island carrions, desperate of their bones,
Ill-favouredly become the morning field: 2205
Their ragged curtains poorly are let loose,
And our air shakes them passing scornfully:
Big Mars seems bankrupt in their beggar’d host
And faintly through a rusty beaver peeps:
The horsemen sit like fixed candlesticks, 2210
With torch-staves in their hand; and their poor jades
Lob down their heads, dropping the hides and hips,
The gum down-roping from their pale-dead eyes
And in their pale dull mouths the gimmal bit
Lies foul with chew’d grass, still and motionless; 2215
And their executors, the knavish crows,
Fly o’er them, all impatient for their hour.
Description cannot suit itself in words
To demonstrate the life of such a battle
In life so lifeless as it shows itself. 2220
- Constable of France. They have said their prayers, and they stay for death.
- Lewis the Dauphin. Shall we go send them dinners and fresh suits
And give their fasting horses provender,
And after fight with them?
- Constable of France. I stay but for my guidon: to the field! 2225
I will the banner from a trumpet take,
And use it for my haste. Come, come, away!
The sun is high, and we outwear the day.
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act IV, Scene 3(History of Henry V)
The English camp.
[Enter GLOUCESTER, BEDFORD, EXETER, ERPINGHAM, with] [p]all his host: SALISBURY and WESTMORELAND]
- Duke of Gloucester. Where is the king?
- Duke of Bedford. The king himself is rode to view their battle.
- Earl of Westmoreland. Of fighting men they have full three score thousand.
- Duke of Exeter. There’s five to one; besides, they all are fresh. 2235
- Earl of Salisbury. God’s arm strike with us! ’tis a fearful odds.
God be wi’ you, princes all; I’ll to my charge:
If we no more meet till we meet in heaven,
Then, joyfully, my noble Lord of Bedford,
My dear Lord Gloucester, and my good Lord Exeter, 2240
And my kind kinsman, warriors all, adieu!
- Duke of Bedford. Farewell, good Salisbury; and good luck go with thee!
- Duke of Exeter. Farewell, kind lord; fight valiantly to-day:
And yet I do thee wrong to mind thee of it,
For thou art framed of the firm truth of valour. 2245
- Duke of Bedford. He is full of valour as of kindness;
Princely in both.
[Enter the KING]
- Earl of Westmoreland. O that we now had here 2250
But one ten thousand of those men in England
That do no work to-day!
- Henry V. What’s he that wishes so?
My cousin Westmoreland? No, my fair cousin:
If we are mark’d to die, we are enow 2255
To do our country loss; and if to live,
The fewer men, the greater share of honour.
God’s will! I pray thee, wish not one man more.
By Jove, I am not covetous for gold,
Nor care I who doth feed upon my cost; 2260
It yearns me not if men my garments wear;
Such outward things dwell not in my desires:
But if it be a sin to covet honour,
I am the most offending soul alive.
No, faith, my coz, wish not a man from England: 2265
God’s peace! I would not lose so great an honour
As one man more, methinks, would share from me
For the best hope I have. O, do not wish one more!
Rather proclaim it, Westmoreland, through my host,
That he which hath no stomach to this fight, 2270
Let him depart; his passport shall be made
And crowns for convoy put into his purse:
We would not die in that man’s company
That fears his fellowship to die with us.
This day is called the feast of Crispian: 2275
He that outlives this day, and comes safe home,
Will stand a tip-toe when the day is named,
And rouse him at the name of Crispian.
He that shall live this day, and see old age,
Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbours, 2280
And say ‘To-morrow is Saint Crispian:’
Then will he strip his sleeve and show his scars.
And say ‘These wounds I had on Crispin’s day.’
Old men forget: yet all shall be forgot,
But he’ll remember with advantages 2285
What feats he did that day: then shall our names.
Familiar in his mouth as household words
Harry the king, Bedford and Exeter,
Warwick and Talbot, Salisbury and Gloucester,
Be in their flowing cups freshly remember’d. 2290
This story shall the good man teach his son;
And Crispin Crispian shall ne’er go by,
From this day to the ending of the world,
But we in it shall be remember’d;
We few, we happy few, we band of brothers; 2295
For he to-day that sheds his blood with me
Shall be my brother; be he ne’er so vile,
This day shall gentle his condition:
And gentlemen in England now a-bed
Shall think themselves accursed they were not here, 2300
And hold their manhoods cheap whiles any speaks
That fought with us upon Saint Crispin’s day.
- Earl of Salisbury. My sovereign lord, bestow yourself with speed:
The French are bravely in their battles set, 2305
And will with all expedience charge on us.
- Henry V. All things are ready, if our minds be so.
- Earl of Westmoreland. Perish the man whose mind is backward now!
- Henry V. Thou dost not wish more help from England, coz?
- Earl of Westmoreland. God’s will! my liege, would you and I alone, 2310
Without more help, could fight this royal battle!
- Henry V. Why, now thou hast unwish’d five thousand men;
Which likes me better than to wish us one.
You know your places: God be with you all!
[Tucket. Enter MONTJOY]
- Montjoy. Once more I come to know of thee, King Harry,
If for thy ransom thou wilt now compound,
Before thy most assured overthrow:
For certainly thou art so near the gulf,
Thou needs must be englutted. Besides, in mercy, 2320
The constable desires thee thou wilt mind
Thy followers of repentance; that their souls
May make a peaceful and a sweet retire
From off these fields, where, wretches, their poor bodies
Must lie and fester. 2325
- Henry V. Who hath sent thee now?
- Montjoy. The Constable of France.
- Henry V. I pray thee, bear my former answer back:
Bid them achieve me and then sell my bones.
Good God! why should they mock poor fellows thus? 2330
The man that once did sell the lion’s skin
While the beast lived, was killed with hunting him.
A many of our bodies shall no doubt
Find native graves; upon the which, I trust,
Shall witness live in brass of this day’s work: 2335
And those that leave their valiant bones in France,
Dying like men, though buried in your dunghills,
They shall be famed; for there the sun shall greet them,
And draw their honours reeking up to heaven;
Leaving their earthly parts to choke your clime, 2340
The smell whereof shall breed a plague in France.
Mark then abounding valour in our English,
That being dead, like to the bullet’s grazing,
Break out into a second course of mischief,
Killing in relapse of mortality. 2345
Let me speak proudly: tell the constable
We are but warriors for the working-day;
Our gayness and our gilt are all besmirch’d
With rainy marching in the painful field;
There’s not a piece of feather in our host— 2350
Good argument, I hope, we will not fly—
And time hath worn us into slovenry:
But, by the mass, our hearts are in the trim;
And my poor soldiers tell me, yet ere night
They’ll be in fresher robes, or they will pluck 2355
The gay new coats o’er the French soldiers’ heads
And turn them out of service. If they do this,—
As, if God please, they shall,—my ransom then
Will soon be levied. Herald, save thou thy labour;
Come thou no more for ransom, gentle herald: 2360
They shall have none, I swear, but these my joints;
Which if they have as I will leave ’em them,
Shall yield them little, tell the constable.
- Montjoy. I shall, King Harry. And so fare thee well:
Thou never shalt hear herald any more. 2365
- Henry V. I fear thou’lt once more come again for ransom.
- Duke of York. My lord, most humbly on my knee I beg
The leading of the vaward. 2370
- Henry V. Take it, brave York. Now, soldiers, march away:
And how thou pleasest, God, dispose the day!
Act IV, Scene 4(History of Henry V)
The field of battle.
[Alarum. Excursions. Enter PISTOL, French Soldier, and Boy]
- Pistol. Yield, cur! 2375
- French Soldier. Je pense que vous etes gentilhomme de bonne qualite.
- Pistol. Qualtitie calmie custure me! Art thou a gentleman?
what is thy name? discuss.
- French Soldier. O Seigneur Dieu!
- Pistol. O, Signieur Dew should be a gentleman: 2380
Perpend my words, O Signieur Dew, and mark;
O Signieur Dew, thou diest on point of fox,
Except, O signieur, thou do give to me
- French Soldier. O, prenez misericorde! ayez pitie de moi! 2385
- Pistol. Moy shall not serve; I will have forty moys;
Or I will fetch thy rim out at thy throat
In drops of crimson blood.
- French Soldier. Est-il impossible d’echapper la force de ton bras?
- Pistol. Brass, cur! 2390
Thou damned and luxurious mountain goat,
Offer’st me brass?
- French Soldier. O pardonnez moi!
- Pistol. Say’st thou me so? is that a ton of moys?
Come hither, boy: ask me this slave in French 2395
What is his name.
- Boy. Ecoutez: comment etes-vous appele?
- French Soldier. Monsieur le Fer.
- Boy. He says his name is Master Fer.
- Pistol. Master Fer! I’ll fer him, and firk him, and ferret 2400
him: discuss the same in French unto him.
- Boy. I do not know the French for fer, and ferret, and firk.
- Pistol. Bid him prepare; for I will cut his throat.
- French Soldier. Que dit-il, monsieur?
- Boy. Il me commande de vous dire que vous faites vous 2405
pret; car ce soldat ici est dispose tout a cette
heure de couper votre gorge.
- Pistol. Owy, cuppele gorge, permafoy,
Peasant, unless thou give me crowns, brave crowns;
Or mangled shalt thou be by this my sword. 2410
- French Soldier. O, je vous supplie, pour l’amour de Dieu, me
pardonner! Je suis gentilhomme de bonne maison:
gardez ma vie, et je vous donnerai deux cents ecus.
- Pistol. What are his words?
- Boy. He prays you to save his life: he is a gentleman of 2415
a good house; and for his ransom he will give you
two hundred crowns.
- Pistol. Tell him my fury shall abate, and I the crowns will take.
- French Soldier. Petit monsieur, que dit-il?
- Boy. Encore qu’il est contre son jurement de pardonner 2420
aucun prisonnier, neanmoins, pour les ecus que vous
l’avez promis, il est content de vous donner la
liberte, le franchisement.
- French Soldier. Sur mes genoux je vous donne mille remercimens; et
je m’estime heureux que je suis tombe entre les 2425
mains d’un chevalier, je pense, le plus brave,
vaillant, et tres distingue seigneur d’Angleterre.
- Pistol. Expound unto me, boy.
- Boy. He gives you, upon his knees, a thousand thanks; and
he esteems himself happy that he hath fallen into 2430
the hands of one, as he thinks, the most brave,
valorous, and thrice-worthy signieur of England.
- Pistol. As I suck blood, I will some mercy show.
- Boy. Suivez-vous le grand capitaine. 2435
[Exeunt PISTOL, and French Soldier]
I did never know so full a voice issue from so
empty a heart: but the saying is true ‘The empty
vessel makes the greatest sound.’ Bardolph and Nym
had ten times more valour than this roaring devil i’ 2440
the old play, that every one may pare his nails with
a wooden dagger; and they are both hanged; and so
would this be, if he durst steal any thing
adventurously. I must stay with the lackeys, with
the luggage of our camp: the French might have a 2445
good prey of us, if he knew of it; for there is
none to guard it but boys.
[Exit](History of Henry V)
Act IV, Scene 5(History of Henry V)
Another part of the field.
[Enter Constable, ORLEANS, BOURBON, DAUPHIN, and RAMBURES]
- Constable of France. O diable! 2450
- Duke of Orleans. O seigneur! le jour est perdu, tout est perdu!
- Lewis the Dauphin. Mort de ma vie! all is confounded, all!
Reproach and everlasting shame
Sits mocking in our plumes. O merchante fortune!
Do not run away. 2455
[A short alarum]
- Constable of France. Why, all our ranks are broke.
- Lewis the Dauphin. O perdurable shame! let’s stab ourselves.
Be these the wretches that we play’d at dice for?
- Duke of Orleans. Is this the king we sent to for his ransom? 2460
- Duke of Bourbon. Shame and eternal shame, nothing but shame!
Let us die in honour: once more back again;
And he that will not follow Bourbon now,
Let him go hence, and with his cap in hand,
Like a base pander, hold the chamber-door 2465
Whilst by a slave, no gentler than my dog,
His fairest daughter is contaminated.
- Constable of France. Disorder, that hath spoil’d us, friend us now!
Let us on heaps go offer up our lives.
- Duke of Orleans. We are enow yet living in the field 2470
To smother up the English in our throngs,
If any order might be thought upon.
- Duke of Bourbon. The devil take order now! I’ll to the throng:
Let life be short; else shame will be too long.
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act IV, Scene 6(History of Henry V)
Another part of the field.
[Alarums. Enter KING HENRY and forces, EXETER, and others]
- Henry V. Well have we done, thrice valiant countrymen:
But all’s not done; yet keep the French the field.
- Duke of Exeter. The Duke of York commends him to your majesty.
- Henry V. Lives he, good uncle? thrice within this hour 2480
I saw him down; thrice up again and fighting;
From helmet to the spur all blood he was.
- Duke of Exeter. In which array, brave soldier, doth he lie,
Larding the plain; and by his bloody side,
Yoke-fellow to his honour-owing wounds, 2485
The noble Earl of Suffolk also lies.
Suffolk first died: and York, all haggled over,
Comes to him, where in gore he lay insteep’d,
And takes him by the beard; kisses the gashes
That bloodily did spawn upon his face; 2490
And cries aloud ‘Tarry, dear cousin Suffolk!
My soul shall thine keep company to heaven;
Tarry, sweet soul, for mine, then fly abreast,
As in this glorious and well-foughten field
We kept together in our chivalry!’ 2495
Upon these words I came and cheer’d him up:
He smiled me in the face, raught me his hand,
And, with a feeble gripe, says ‘Dear my lord,
Commend my service to me sovereign.’
So did he turn and over Suffolk’s neck 2500
He threw his wounded arm and kiss’d his lips;
And so espoused to death, with blood he seal’d
A testament of noble-ending love.
The pretty and sweet manner of it forced
Those waters from me which I would have stopp’d; 2505
But I had not so much of man in me,
And all my mother came into mine eyes
And gave me up to tears.
- Henry V. I blame you not;
For, hearing this, I must perforce compound 2510
With mistful eyes, or they will issue too.
But, hark! what new alarum is this same?
The French have reinforced their scatter’d men:
Then every soldier kill his prisoners: 2515
Give the word through.
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act IV, Scene 7(History of Henry V)
Another part of the field.
[Enter FLUELLEN and GOWER]
- Fluellen. Kill the poys and the luggage! ’tis expressly
against the law of arms: ’tis as arrant a piece of 2520
knavery, mark you now, as can be offer’t; in your
conscience, now, is it not?
- Gower. ‘Tis certain there’s not a boy left alive; and the
cowardly rascals that ran from the battle ha’ done
this slaughter: besides, they have burned and 2525
carried away all that was in the king’s tent;
wherefore the king, most worthily, hath caused every
soldier to cut his prisoner’s throat. O, ’tis a
- Fluellen. Ay, he was porn at Monmouth, Captain Gower. What 2530
call you the town’s name where Alexander the Pig was born!
- Gower. Alexander the Great.
- Fluellen. Why, I pray you, is not pig great? the pig, or the
great, or the mighty, or the huge, or the
magnanimous, are all one reckonings, save the phrase 2535
is a little variations.
- Gower. I think Alexander the Great was born in Macedon; his
father was called Philip of Macedon, as I take it.
- Fluellen. I think it is in Macedon where Alexander is porn. I
tell you, captain, if you look in the maps of the 2540
‘orld, I warrant you sall find, in the comparisons
between Macedon and Monmouth, that the situations,
look you, is both alike. There is a river in
Macedon; and there is also moreover a river at
Monmouth: it is called Wye at Monmouth; but it is 2545
out of my prains what is the name of the other
river; but ’tis all one, ’tis alike as my fingers is
to my fingers, and there is salmons in both. If you
mark Alexander’s life well, Harry of Monmouth’s life
is come after it indifferent well; for there is 2550
figures in all things. Alexander, God knows, and
you know, in his rages, and his furies, and his
wraths, and his cholers, and his moods, and his
displeasures, and his indignations, and also being a
little intoxicates in his prains, did, in his ales and 2555
his angers, look you, kill his best friend, Cleitus.
- Gower. Our king is not like him in that: he never killed
any of his friends.
- Fluellen. It is not well done, mark you now take the tales out
of my mouth, ere it is made and finished. I speak 2560
but in the figures and comparisons of it: as
Alexander killed his friend Cleitus, being in his
ales and his cups; so also Harry Monmouth, being in
his right wits and his good judgments, turned away
the fat knight with the great belly-doublet: he 2565
was full of jests, and gipes, and knaveries, and
mocks; I have forgot his name.
- Gower. Sir John Falstaff.
- Fluellen. That is he: I’ll tell you there is good men porn at Monmouth.
- Gower. Here comes his majesty. 2570
[Alarum. Enter KING HENRY, and forces; WARWICK,]
GLOUCESTER, EXETER, and others]
- Henry V. I was not angry since I came to France
Until this instant. Take a trumpet, herald;
Ride thou unto the horsemen on yon hill: 2575
If they will fight with us, bid them come down,
Or void the field; they do offend our sight:
If they’ll do neither, we will come to them,
And make them skirr away, as swift as stones
Enforced from the old Assyrian slings: 2580
Besides, we’ll cut the throats of those we have,
And not a man of them that we shall take
Shall taste our mercy. Go and tell them so.
- Duke of Exeter. Here comes the herald of the French, my liege. 2585
- Duke of Gloucester. His eyes are humbler than they used to be.
- Henry V. How now! what means this, herald? know’st thou not
That I have fined these bones of mine for ransom?
Comest thou again for ransom?
- Montjoy. No, great king: 2590
I come to thee for charitable licence,
That we may wander o’er this bloody field
To look our dead, and then to bury them;
To sort our nobles from our common men.
For many of our princes—woe the while!— 2595
Lie drown’d and soak’d in mercenary blood;
So do our vulgar drench their peasant limbs
In blood of princes; and their wounded steeds
Fret fetlock deep in gore and with wild rage
Yerk out their armed heels at their dead masters, 2600
Killing them twice. O, give us leave, great king,
To view the field in safety and dispose
Of their dead bodies!
- Henry V. I tell thee truly, herald,
I know not if the day be ours or no; 2605
For yet a many of your horsemen peer
And gallop o’er the field.
- Montjoy. The day is yours.
- Henry V. Praised be God, and not our strength, for it!
What is this castle call’d that stands hard by? 2610
- Montjoy. They call it Agincourt.
- Henry V. Then call we this the field of Agincourt,
Fought on the day of Crispin Crispianus.
- Fluellen. Your grandfather of famous memory, an’t please your
majesty, and your great-uncle Edward the Plack 2615
Prince of Wales, as I have read in the chronicles,
fought a most prave pattle here in France.
- Henry V. They did, Fluellen.
- Fluellen. Your majesty says very true: if your majesties is
remembered of it, the Welshmen did good service in a 2620
garden where leeks did grow, wearing leeks in their
Monmouth caps; which, your majesty know, to this
hour is an honourable badge of the service; and I do
believe your majesty takes no scorn to wear the leek
upon Saint Tavy’s day. 2625
- Henry V. I wear it for a memorable honour;
For I am Welsh, you know, good countryman.
- Fluellen. All the water in Wye cannot wash your majesty’s
Welsh plood out of your pody, I can tell you that:
God pless it and preserve it, as long as it pleases 2630
his grace, and his majesty too!
- Henry V. Thanks, good my countryman.
- Fluellen. By Jeshu, I am your majesty’s countryman, I care not
who know it; I will confess it to all the ‘orld: I
need not to be ashamed of your majesty, praised be 2635
God, so long as your majesty is an honest man.
- Henry V. God keep me so! Our heralds go with him:
Bring me just notice of the numbers dead
On both our parts. Call yonder fellow hither.
[Points to WILLIAMS. Exeunt Heralds with Montjoy]
- Duke of Exeter. Soldier, you must come to the king.
- Henry V. Soldier, why wearest thou that glove in thy cap?
- Williams. An’t please your majesty, ’tis the gage of one that
I should fight withal, if he be alive.
- Henry V. An Englishman? 2645
- Williams. An’t please your majesty, a rascal that swaggered
with me last night; who, if alive and ever dare to
challenge this glove, I have sworn to take him a box
o’ th’ ear: or if I can see my glove in his cap,
which he swore, as he was a soldier, he would wear 2650
if alive, I will strike it out soundly.
- Henry V. What think you, Captain Fluellen? is it fit this
soldier keep his oath?
- Fluellen. He is a craven and a villain else, an’t please your
majesty, in my conscience. 2655
- Henry V. It may be his enemy is a gentleman of great sort,
quite from the answer of his degree.
- Fluellen. Though he be as good a gentleman as the devil is, as
Lucifer and Belzebub himself, it is necessary, look
your grace, that he keep his vow and his oath: if 2660
he be perjured, see you now, his reputation is as
arrant a villain and a Jacksauce, as ever his black
shoe trod upon God’s ground and his earth, in my
- Henry V. Then keep thy vow, sirrah, when thou meetest the fellow. 2665
- Williams. So I will, my liege, as I live.
- Henry V. Who servest thou under?
- Williams. Under Captain Gower, my liege.
- Fluellen. Gower is a good captain, and is good knowledge and
literatured in the wars. 2670
- Henry V. Call him hither to me, soldier.
- Williams. I will, my liege.
- Henry V. Here, Fluellen; wear thou this favour for me and
stick it in thy cap: when Alencon and myself were 2675
down together, I plucked this glove from his helm:
if any man challenge this, he is a friend to
Alencon, and an enemy to our person; if thou
encounter any such, apprehend him, an thou dost me love.
- Fluellen. Your grace doo’s me as great honours as can be 2680
desired in the hearts of his subjects: I would fain
see the man, that has but two legs, that shall find
himself aggrieved at this glove; that is all; but I
would fain see it once, an please God of his grace
that I might see. 2685
- Henry V. Knowest thou Gower?
- Fluellen. He is my dear friend, an please you.
- Henry V. Pray thee, go seek him, and bring him to my tent.
- Fluellen. I will fetch him.
- Henry V. My Lord of Warwick, and my brother Gloucester,
Follow Fluellen closely at the heels:
The glove which I have given him for a favour
May haply purchase him a box o’ th’ ear;
It is the soldier’s; I by bargain should 2695
Wear it myself. Follow, good cousin Warwick:
If that the soldier strike him, as I judge
By his blunt bearing he will keep his word,
Some sudden mischief may arise of it;
For I do know Fluellen valiant 2700
And, touched with choler, hot as gunpowder,
And quickly will return an injury:
Follow and see there be no harm between them.
Go you with me, uncle of Exeter.
[Exeunt](History of Henry V)
Act IV, Scene 8(History of Henry V)
Before KING HENRY’S pavilion.
[Enter GOWER and WILLIAMS]
- Williams. I warrant it is to knight you, captain.
- Fluellen. God’s will and his pleasure, captain, I beseech you
now, come apace to the king: there is more good 2710
toward you peradventure than is in your knowledge to dream of.
- Williams. Sir, know you this glove?
- Fluellen. Know the glove! I know the glove is glove.
- Williams. I know this; and thus I challenge it.
- Fluellen. ‘Sblood! an arrant traitor as any is in the
universal world, or in France, or in England!
- Gower. How now, sir! you villain!
- Williams. Do you think I’ll be forsworn?
- Fluellen. Stand away, Captain Gower; I will give treason his 2720
payment into ploughs, I warrant you.
- Williams. I am no traitor.
- Fluellen. That’s a lie in thy throat. I charge you in his
majesty’s name, apprehend him: he’s a friend of the
Duke Alencon’s. 2725
[Enter WARWICK and GLOUCESTER]
- Earl of Warwick. How now, how now! what’s the matter?
- Fluellen. My Lord of Warwick, here is—praised be God for it!
—a most contagious treason come to light, look
you, as you shall desire in a summer’s day. Here is 2730
[Enter KING HENRY and EXETER]
- Henry V. How now! what’s the matter?
- Fluellen. My liege, here is a villain and a traitor, that,
look your grace, has struck the glove which your 2735
majesty is take out of the helmet of Alencon.
- Williams. My liege, this was my glove; here is the fellow of
it; and he that I gave it to in change promised to
wear it in his cap: I promised to strike him, if he
did: I met this man with my glove in his cap, and I 2740
have been as good as my word.
- Fluellen. Your majesty hear now, saving your majesty’s
manhood, what an arrant, rascally, beggarly, lousy
knave it is: I hope your majesty is pear me
testimony and witness, and will avouchment, that 2745
this is the glove of Alencon, that your majesty is
give me; in your conscience, now?
- Henry V. Give me thy glove, soldier: look, here is the
fellow of it.
‘Twas I, indeed, thou promised’st to strike; 2750
And thou hast given me most bitter terms.
- Fluellen. An please your majesty, let his neck answer for it,
if there is any martial law in the world.
- Henry V. How canst thou make me satisfaction?
- Williams. All offences, my lord, come from the heart: never 2755
came any from mine that might offend your majesty.
- Henry V. It was ourself thou didst abuse.
- Williams. Your majesty came not like yourself: you appeared to
me but as a common man; witness the night, your
garments, your lowliness; and what your highness 2760
suffered under that shape, I beseech you take it for
your own fault and not mine: for had you been as I
took you for, I made no offence; therefore, I
beseech your highness, pardon me.
- Henry V. Here, uncle Exeter, fill this glove with crowns, 2765
And give it to this fellow. Keep it, fellow;
And wear it for an honour in thy cap
Till I do challenge it. Give him the crowns:
And, captain, you must needs be friends with him.
- Fluellen. By this day and this light, the fellow has mettle 2770
enough in his belly. Hold, there is twelve pence
for you; and I pray you to serve Got, and keep you
out of prawls, and prabbles’ and quarrels, and
dissensions, and, I warrant you, it is the better for you.
- Williams. I will none of your money. 2775
- Fluellen. It is with a good will; I can tell you, it will
serve you to mend your shoes: come, wherefore should
you be so pashful? your shoes is not so good: ’tis
a good silling, I warrant you, or I will change it.
[Enter an English Herald]
- Henry V. Now, herald, are the dead number’d?
- Herald. Here is the number of the slaughter’d French.
- Henry V. What prisoners of good sort are taken, uncle?
- Duke of Exeter. Charles Duke of Orleans, nephew to the king;
John Duke of Bourbon, and Lord Bouciqualt: 2785
Of other lords and barons, knights and squires,
Full fifteen hundred, besides common men.
- Henry V. This note doth tell me of ten thousand French
That in the field lie slain: of princes, in this number,
And nobles bearing banners, there lie dead 2790
One hundred twenty six: added to these,
Of knights, esquires, and gallant gentlemen,
Eight thousand and four hundred; of the which,
Five hundred were but yesterday dubb’d knights:
So that, in these ten thousand they have lost, 2795
There are but sixteen hundred mercenaries;
The rest are princes, barons, lords, knights, squires,
And gentlemen of blood and quality.
The names of those their nobles that lie dead:
Charles Delabreth, high constable of France; 2800
Jaques of Chatillon, admiral of France;
The master of the cross-bows, Lord Rambures;
Great Master of France, the brave Sir Guichard Dolphin,
John Duke of Alencon, Anthony Duke of Brabant,
The brother of the Duke of Burgundy, 2805
And Edward Duke of Bar: of lusty earls,
Grandpre and Roussi, Fauconberg and Foix,
Beaumont and Marle, Vaudemont and Lestrale.
Here was a royal fellowship of death!
Where is the number of our English dead? 2810
[Herald shews him another paper]
Edward the Duke of York, the Earl of Suffolk,
Sir Richard Ketly, Davy Gam, esquire:
None else of name; and of all other men
But five and twenty. O God, thy arm was here; 2815
And not to us, but to thy arm alone,
Ascribe we all! When, without stratagem,
But in plain shock and even play of battle,
Was ever known so great and little loss
On one part and on the other? Take it, God, 2820
For it is none but thine!
- Duke of Exeter. ‘Tis wonderful!
- Henry V. Come, go we in procession to the village.
And be it death proclaimed through our host
To boast of this or take the praise from God 2825
Which is his only.
- Fluellen. Is it not lawful, an please your majesty, to tell
how many is killed?
- Henry V. Yes, captain; but with this acknowledgement,
That God fought for us. 2830
- Fluellen. Yes, my conscience, he did us great good.
- Henry V. Do we all holy rites;
Let there be sung ‘Non nobis’ and ‘Te Deum;’
The dead with charity enclosed in clay:
And then to Calais; and to England then: 2835
Where ne’er from France arrived more happy men.
- Chorus. Vouchsafe to those that have not read the story,
That I may prompt them: and of such as have, 2840
I humbly pray them to admit the excuse
Of time, of numbers and due course of things,
Which cannot in their huge and proper life
Be here presented. Now we bear the king
Toward Calais: grant him there; there seen, 2845
Heave him away upon your winged thoughts
Athwart the sea. Behold, the English beach
Pales in the flood with men, with wives and boys,
Whose shouts and claps out-voice the deep mouth’d sea,
Which like a mighty whiffler ‘fore the king 2850
Seems to prepare his way: so let him land,
And solemnly see him set on to London.
So swift a pace hath thought that even now
You may imagine him upon Blackheath;
Where that his lords desire him to have borne 2855
His bruised helmet and his bended sword
Before him through the city: he forbids it,
Being free from vainness and self-glorious pride;
Giving full trophy, signal and ostent
Quite from himself to God. But now behold, 2860
In the quick forge and working-house of thought,
How London doth pour out her citizens!
The mayor and all his brethren in best sort,
Like to the senators of the antique Rome,
With the plebeians swarming at their heels, 2865
Go forth and fetch their conquering Caesar in:
As, by a lower but loving likelihood,
Were now the general of our gracious empress,
As in good time he may, from Ireland coming,
Bringing rebellion broached on his sword, 2870
How many would the peaceful city quit,
To welcome him! much more, and much more cause,
Did they this Harry. Now in London place him;
As yet the lamentation of the French
Invites the King of England’s stay at home; 2875
The emperor’s coming in behalf of France,
To order peace between them; and omit
All the occurrences, whatever chanced,
Till Harry’s back-return again to France:
There must we bring him; and myself have play’d 2880
The interim, by remembering you ’tis past.
Then brook abridgment, and your eyes advance,
After your thoughts, straight back again to France.
[Exit](History of Henry V)
Act V, Scene 1(History of Henry V)
France. The English camp.
[Enter FLUELLEN and GOWER]
- Gower. Nay, that’s right; but why wear you your leek today?
Saint Davy’s day is past.
- Fluellen. There is occasions and causes why and wherefore in
all things: I will tell you, asse my friend,
Captain Gower: the rascally, scald, beggarly, 2890
lousy, pragging knave, Pistol, which you and
yourself and all the world know to be no petter
than a fellow, look you now, of no merits, he is
come to me and prings me pread and salt yesterday,
look you, and bid me eat my leek: it was in place 2895
where I could not breed no contention with him; but
I will be so bold as to wear it in my cap till I see
him once again, and then I will tell him a little
piece of my desires.
- Gower. Why, here he comes, swelling like a turkey-cock.
- Fluellen. ‘Tis no matter for his swellings nor his
turkey-cocks. God pless you, Aunchient Pistol! you
scurvy, lousy knave, God pless you!
- Pistol. Ha! art thou bedlam? dost thou thirst, base Trojan, 2905
To have me fold up Parca’s fatal web?
Hence! I am qualmish at the smell of leek.
- Fluellen. I peseech you heartily, scurvy, lousy knave, at my
desires, and my requests, and my petitions, to eat,
look you, this leek: because, look you, you do not 2910
love it, nor your affections and your appetites and
your digestions doo’s not agree with it, I would
desire you to eat it.
- Pistol. Not for Cadwallader and all his goats.
- Fluellen. There is one goat for you. 2915
Will you be so good, scauld knave, as eat it?
- Pistol. Base Trojan, thou shalt die.
- Fluellen. You say very true, scauld knave, when God’s will is:
I will desire you to live in the mean time, and eat 2920
your victuals: come, there is sauce for it.
You called me yesterday mountain-squire; but I will
make you to-day a squire of low degree. I pray you,
fall to: if you can mock a leek, you can eat a leek. 2925
- Gower. Enough, captain: you have astonished him.
- Fluellen. I say, I will make him eat some part of my leek, or
I will peat his pate four days. Bite, I pray you; it
is good for your green wound and your ploody coxcomb.
- Pistol. Must I bite? 2930
- Fluellen. Yes, certainly, and out of doubt and out of question
too, and ambiguities.
- Pistol. By this leek, I will most horribly revenge: I eat
and eat, I swear—
- Fluellen. Eat, I pray you: will you have some more sauce to 2935
your leek? there is not enough leek to swear by.
- Pistol. Quiet thy cudgel; thou dost see I eat.
- Fluellen. Much good do you, scauld knave, heartily. Nay, pray
you, throw none away; the skin is good for your
broken coxcomb. When you take occasions to see leeks 2940
hereafter, I pray you, mock at ’em; that is all.
- Pistol. Good.
- Fluellen. Ay, leeks is good: hold you, there is a groat to
heal your pate.
- Pistol. Me a groat! 2945
- Fluellen. Yes, verily and in truth, you shall take it; or I
have another leek in my pocket, which you shall eat.
- Pistol. I take thy groat in earnest of revenge.
- Fluellen. If I owe you any thing, I will pay you in cudgels:
you shall be a woodmonger, and buy nothing of me but 2950
cudgels. God b’ wi’ you, and keep you, and heal your pate.
- Pistol. All hell shall stir for this.
- Gower. Go, go; you are a counterfeit cowardly knave. Will
you mock at an ancient tradition, begun upon an 2955
honourable respect, and worn as a memorable trophy of
predeceased valour and dare not avouch in your deeds
any of your words? I have seen you gleeking and
galling at this gentleman twice or thrice. You
thought, because he could not speak English in the 2960
native garb, he could not therefore handle an
English cudgel: you find it otherwise; and
henceforth let a Welsh correction teach you a good
English condition. Fare ye well.
- Pistol. Doth Fortune play the huswife with me now?
News have I, that my Nell is dead i’ the spital
Of malady of France;
And there my rendezvous is quite cut off.
Old I do wax; and from my weary limbs 2970
Honour is cudgelled. Well, bawd I’ll turn,
And something lean to cutpurse of quick hand.
To England will I steal, and there I’ll steal:
And patches will I get unto these cudgell’d scars,
And swear I got them in the Gallia wars. 2975
[Exit](History of Henry V)
Act V, Scene 2(History of Henry V)
France. A royal palace.
[Enter, at one door KING HENRY, EXETER, BEDFORD,] [p]GLOUCESTER, WARWICK, WESTMORELAND, and other Lords; [p]at another, the FRENCH KING, QUEEN ISABEL, the [p]PRINCESS KATHARINE, ALICE and other Ladies; the [p]DUKE of BURGUNDY, and his train]
- Henry V. Peace to this meeting, wherefore we are met!
Unto our brother France, and to our sister,
Health and fair time of day; joy and good wishes
To our most fair and princely cousin Katharine; 2985
And, as a branch and member of this royalty,
By whom this great assembly is contrived,
We do salute you, Duke of Burgundy;
And, princes French, and peers, health to you all!
- King of France. Right joyous are we to behold your face, 2990
Most worthy brother England; fairly met:
So are you, princes English, every one.
- Queen Isabel. So happy be the issue, brother England,
Of this good day and of this gracious meeting,
As we are now glad to behold your eyes; 2995
Your eyes, which hitherto have borne in them
Against the French, that met them in their bent,
The fatal balls of murdering basilisks:
The venom of such looks, we fairly hope,
Have lost their quality, and that this day 3000
Shall change all griefs and quarrels into love.
- Henry V. To cry amen to that, thus we appear.
- Queen Isabel. You English princes all, I do salute you.
- Duke of Burgundy. My duty to you both, on equal love,
Great Kings of France and England! That I have labour’d, 3005
With all my wits, my pains and strong endeavours,
To bring your most imperial majesties
Unto this bar and royal interview,
Your mightiness on both parts best can witness.
Since then my office hath so far prevail’d 3010
That, face to face and royal eye to eye,
You have congreeted, let it not disgrace me,
If I demand, before this royal view,
What rub or what impediment there is,
Why that the naked, poor and mangled Peace, 3015
Dear nurse of arts and joyful births,
Should not in this best garden of the world
Our fertile France, put up her lovely visage?
Alas, she hath from France too long been chased,
And all her husbandry doth lie on heaps, 3020
Corrupting in its own fertility.
Her vine, the merry cheerer of the heart,
Unpruned dies; her hedges even-pleach’d,
Like prisoners wildly overgrown with hair,
Put forth disorder’d twigs; her fallow leas 3025
The darnel, hemlock and rank fumitory
Doth root upon, while that the coulter rusts
That should deracinate such savagery;
The even mead, that erst brought sweetly forth
The freckled cowslip, burnet and green clover, 3030
Wanting the scythe, all uncorrected, rank,
Conceives by idleness and nothing teems
But hateful docks, rough thistles, kecksies, burs,
Losing both beauty and utility.
And as our vineyards, fallows, meads and hedges, 3035
Defective in their natures, grow to wildness,
Even so our houses and ourselves and children
Have lost, or do not learn for want of time,
The sciences that should become our country;
But grow like savages,—as soldiers will 3040
That nothing do but meditate on blood,—
To swearing and stern looks, diffused attire
And every thing that seems unnatural.
Which to reduce into our former favour
You are assembled: and my speech entreats 3045
That I may know the let, why gentle Peace
Should not expel these inconveniences
And bless us with her former qualities.
- Henry V. If, Duke of Burgundy, you would the peace,
Whose want gives growth to the imperfections 3050
Which you have cited, you must buy that peace
With full accord to all our just demands;
Whose tenors and particular effects
You have enscheduled briefly in your hands.
- Duke of Burgundy. The king hath heard them; to the which as yet 3055
There is no answer made.
- Henry V. Well then the peace,
Which you before so urged, lies in his answer.
- King of France. I have but with a cursorary eye
O’erglanced the articles: pleaseth your grace 3060
To appoint some of your council presently
To sit with us once more, with better heed
To re-survey them, we will suddenly
Pass our accept and peremptory answer.
- Henry V. Brother, we shall. Go, uncle Exeter, 3065
And brother Clarence, and you, brother Gloucester,
Warwick and Huntingdon, go with the king;
And take with you free power to ratify,
Augment, or alter, as your wisdoms best
Shall see advantageable for our dignity, 3070
Any thing in or out of our demands,
And we’ll consign thereto. Will you, fair sister,
Go with the princes, or stay here with us?
- Queen Isabel. Our gracious brother, I will go with them:
Haply a woman’s voice may do some good, 3075
When articles too nicely urged be stood on.
- Henry V. Yet leave our cousin Katharine here with us:
She is our capital demand, comprised
Within the fore-rank of our articles.
- Queen Isabel. She hath good leave. 3080
[Exeunt all except HENRY, KATHARINE, and ALICE]
- Henry V. Fair Katharine, and most fair,
Will you vouchsafe to teach a soldier terms
Such as will enter at a lady’s ear
And plead his love-suit to her gentle heart? 3085
- Katharine. Your majesty shall mock at me; I cannot speak your England.
- Henry V. O fair Katharine, if you will love me soundly with
your French heart, I will be glad to hear you
confess it brokenly with your English tongue. Do
you like me, Kate? 3090
- Katharine. Pardonnez-moi, I cannot tell vat is ‘like me.’
- Henry V. An angel is like you, Kate, and you are like an angel.
- Katharine. Que dit-il? que je suis semblable a les anges?
- Alice. Oui, vraiment, sauf votre grace, ainsi dit-il.
- Henry V. I said so, dear Katharine; and I must not blush to 3095
- Katharine. O bon Dieu! les langues des hommes sont pleines de
- Henry V. What says she, fair one? that the tongues of men
are full of deceits? 3100
- Alice. Oui, dat de tongues of de mans is be full of
deceits: dat is de princess.
- Henry V. The princess is the better Englishwoman. I’ faith,
Kate, my wooing is fit for thy understanding: I am
glad thou canst speak no better English; for, if 3105
thou couldst, thou wouldst find me such a plain king
that thou wouldst think I had sold my farm to buy my
crown. I know no ways to mince it in love, but
directly to say ‘I love you:’ then if you urge me
farther than to say ‘do you in faith?’ I wear out 3110
my suit. Give me your answer; i’ faith, do: and so
clap hands and a bargain: how say you, lady?
- Katharine. Sauf votre honneur, me understand vell.
- Henry V. Marry, if you would put me to verses or to dance for
your sake, Kate, why you undid me: for the one, I 3115
have neither words nor measure, and for the other, I
have no strength in measure, yet a reasonable
measure in strength. If I could win a lady at
leap-frog, or by vaulting into my saddle with my
armour on my back, under the correction of bragging 3120
be it spoken. I should quickly leap into a wife.
Or if I might buffet for my love, or bound my horse
for her favours, I could lay on like a butcher and
sit like a jack-an-apes, never off. But, before God,
Kate, I cannot look greenly nor gasp out my 3125
eloquence, nor I have no cunning in protestation;
only downright oaths, which I never use till urged,
nor never break for urging. If thou canst love a
fellow of this temper, Kate, whose face is not worth
sun-burning, that never looks in his glass for love 3130
of any thing he sees there, let thine eye be thy
cook. I speak to thee plain soldier: If thou canst
love me for this, take me: if not, to say to thee
that I shall die, is true; but for thy love, by the
Lord, no; yet I love thee too. And while thou 3135
livest, dear Kate, take a fellow of plain and
uncoined constancy; for he perforce must do thee
right, because he hath not the gift to woo in other
places: for these fellows of infinite tongue, that
can rhyme themselves into ladies’ favours, they do 3140
always reason themselves out again. What! a
speaker is but a prater; a rhyme is but a ballad. A
good leg will fall; a straight back will stoop; a
black beard will turn white; a curled pate will grow
bald; a fair face will wither; a full eye will wax 3145
hollow: but a good heart, Kate, is the sun and the
moon; or, rather, the sun, and not the moon; for it
shines bright and never changes, but keeps his
course truly. If thou would have such a one, take
me; and take me, take a soldier; take a soldier, 3150
take a king. And what sayest thou then to my love?
speak, my fair, and fairly, I pray thee.
- Katharine. Is it possible dat I sould love de enemy of France?
- Henry V. No; it is not possible you should love the enemy of
France, Kate: but, in loving me, you should love 3155
the friend of France; for I love France so well that
I will not part with a village of it; I will have it
all mine: and, Kate, when France is mine and I am
yours, then yours is France and you are mine.
- Katharine. I cannot tell vat is dat. 3160
- Henry V. No, Kate? I will tell thee in French; which I am
sure will hang upon my tongue like a new-married
wife about her husband’s neck, hardly to be shook
off. Je quand sur le possession de France, et quand
vous avez le possession de moi,—let me see, what 3165
then? Saint Denis be my speed!—donc votre est
France et vous etes mienne. It is as easy for me,
Kate, to conquer the kingdom as to speak so much
more French: I shall never move thee in French,
unless it be to laugh at me. 3170
- Katharine. Sauf votre honneur, le Francois que vous parlez, il
est meilleur que l’Anglois lequel je parle.
- Henry V. No, faith, is’t not, Kate: but thy speaking of my
tongue, and I thine, most truly-falsely, must needs
be granted to be much at one. But, Kate, dost thou 3175
understand thus much English, canst thou love me?
- Katharine. I cannot tell.
- Henry V. Can any of your neighbours tell, Kate? I’ll ask
them. Come, I know thou lovest me: and at night,
when you come into your closet, you’ll question this 3180
gentlewoman about me; and I know, Kate, you will to
her dispraise those parts in me that you love with
your heart: but, good Kate, mock me mercifully; the
rather, gentle princess, because I love thee
cruelly. If ever thou beest mine, Kate, as I have a 3185
saving faith within me tells me thou shalt, I get
thee with scambling, and thou must therefore needs
prove a good soldier-breeder: shall not thou and I,
between Saint Denis and Saint George, compound a
boy, half French, half English, that shall go to 3190
Constantinople and take the Turk by the beard?
shall we not? what sayest thou, my fair
- Katharine. I do not know dat
- Henry V. No; ’tis hereafter to know, but now to promise: do 3195
but now promise, Kate, you will endeavour for your
French part of such a boy; and for my English moiety
take the word of a king and a bachelor. How answer
you, la plus belle Katharine du monde, mon tres cher
et devin deesse? 3200
- Katharine. Your majestee ave fausse French enough to deceive de
most sage demoiselle dat is en France.
- Henry V. Now, fie upon my false French! By mine honour, in
true English, I love thee, Kate: by which honour I
dare not swear thou lovest me; yet my blood begins to 3205
flatter me that thou dost, notwithstanding the poor
and untempering effect of my visage. Now, beshrew
my father’s ambition! he was thinking of civil wars
when he got me: therefore was I created with a
stubborn outside, with an aspect of iron, that, when 3210
I come to woo ladies, I fright them. But, in faith,
Kate, the elder I wax, the better I shall appear:
my comfort is, that old age, that ill layer up of
beauty, can do no more, spoil upon my face: thou
hast me, if thou hast me, at the worst; and thou 3215
shalt wear me, if thou wear me, better and better:
and therefore tell me, most fair Katharine, will you
have me? Put off your maiden blushes; avouch the
thoughts of your heart with the looks of an empress;
take me by the hand, and say ‘Harry of England I am 3220
thine:’ which word thou shalt no sooner bless mine
ear withal, but I will tell thee aloud ‘England is
thine, Ireland is thine, France is thine, and Harry
Plantagenet is thine;’ who though I speak it before
his face, if he be not fellow with the best king, 3225
thou shalt find the best king of good fellows.
Come, your answer in broken music; for thy voice is
music and thy English broken; therefore, queen of
all, Katharine, break thy mind to me in broken
English; wilt thou have me? 3230
- Katharine. Dat is as it sall please de roi mon pere.
- Henry V. Nay, it will please him well, Kate it shall please
- Katharine. Den it sall also content me.
- Henry V. Upon that I kiss your hand, and I call you my queen. 3235
- Katharine. Laissez, mon seigneur, laissez, laissez: ma foi, je
ne veux point que vous abaissiez votre grandeur en
baisant la main d’une de votre seigeurie indigne
serviteur; excusez-moi, je vous supplie, mon
tres-puissant seigneur. 3240
- Henry V. Then I will kiss your lips, Kate.
- Katharine. Les dames et demoiselles pour etre baisees devant
leur noces, il n’est pas la coutume de France.
- Henry V. Madam my interpreter, what says she?
- Alice. Dat it is not be de fashion pour les ladies of 3245
France,—I cannot tell vat is baiser en Anglish.
- Henry V. To kiss.
- Alice. Your majesty entendre bettre que moi.
- Henry V. It is not a fashion for the maids in France to kiss
before they are married, would she say? 3250
- Alice. Oui, vraiment.
- Henry V. O Kate, nice customs curtsy to great kings. Dear
Kate, you and I cannot be confined within the weak
list of a country’s fashion: we are the makers of
manners, Kate; and the liberty that follows our 3255
places stops the mouth of all find-faults; as I will
do yours, for upholding the nice fashion of your
country in denying me a kiss: therefore, patiently
[Kissing her] 3260
You have witchcraft in your lips, Kate: there is
more eloquence in a sugar touch of them than in the
tongues of the French council; and they should
sooner persuade Harry of England than a general
petition of monarchs. Here comes your father. 3265
[Re-enter the FRENCH KING and his QUEEN, BURGUNDY, and other Lords]
- Duke of Burgundy. God save your majesty! my royal cousin, teach you
our princess English?
- Henry V. I would have her learn, my fair cousin, how
perfectly I love her; and that is good English. 3270
- Duke of Burgundy. Is she not apt?
- Henry V. Our tongue is rough, coz, and my condition is not
smooth; so that, having neither the voice nor the
heart of flattery about me, I cannot so conjure up
the spirit of love in her, that he will appear in 3275
his true likeness.
- Duke of Burgundy. Pardon the frankness of my mirth, if I answer you
for that. If you would conjure in her, you must
make a circle; if conjure up love in her in his true
likeness, he must appear naked and blind. Can you 3280
blame her then, being a maid yet rosed over with the
virgin crimson of modesty, if she deny the
appearance of a naked blind boy in her naked seeing
self? It were, my lord, a hard condition for a maid
to consign to. 3285
- Henry V. Yet they do wink and yield, as love is blind and enforces.
- Duke of Burgundy. They are then excused, my lord, when they see not
what they do.
- Henry V. Then, good my lord, teach your cousin to consent winking.
- Duke of Burgundy. I will wink on her to consent, my lord, if you will 3290
teach her to know my meaning: for maids, well
summered and warm kept, are like flies at
Bartholomew-tide, blind, though they have their
eyes; and then they will endure handling, which
before would not abide looking on. 3295
- Henry V. This moral ties me over to time and a hot summer;
and so I shall catch the fly, your cousin, in the
latter end and she must be blind too.
- Duke of Burgundy. As love is, my lord, before it loves.
- Henry V. It is so: and you may, some of you, thank love for 3300
my blindness, who cannot see many a fair French city
for one fair French maid that stands in my way.
- King of France. Yes, my lord, you see them perspectively, the cities
turned into a maid; for they are all girdled with
maiden walls that war hath never entered. 3305
- Henry V. Shall Kate be my wife?
- King of France. So please you.
- Henry V. I am content; so the maiden cities you talk of may
wait on her: so the maid that stood in the way for
my wish shall show me the way to my will. 3310
- King of France. We have consented to all terms of reason.
- Henry V. Is’t so, my lords of England?
- Earl of Westmoreland. The king hath granted every article:
His daughter first, and then in sequel all,
According to their firm proposed natures. 3315
- Duke of Exeter. Only he hath not yet subscribed this:
Where your majesty demands, that the King of France,
having any occasion to write for matter of grant,
shall name your highness in this form and with this
addition in French, Notre trescher fils Henri, Roi 3320
d’Angleterre, Heritier de France; and thus in
Latin, Praeclarissimus filius noster Henricus, Rex
Angliae, et Haeres Franciae.
- King of France. Nor this I have not, brother, so denied,
But your request shall make me let it pass. 3325
- Henry V. I pray you then, in love and dear alliance,
Let that one article rank with the rest;
And thereupon give me your daughter.
- King of France. Take her, fair son, and from her blood raise up
Issue to me; that the contending kingdoms 3330
Of France and England, whose very shores look pale
With envy of each other’s happiness,
May cease their hatred, and this dear conjunction
Plant neighbourhood and Christian-like accord
In their sweet bosoms, that never war advance 3335
His bleeding sword ‘twixt England and fair France.
- All. Amen!
- Henry V. Now, welcome, Kate: and bear me witness all,
That here I kiss her as my sovereign queen.
[Flourish](History of Henry V)
- Queen Isabel. God, the best maker of all marriages,
Combine your hearts in one, your realms in one!
As man and wife, being two, are one in love,
So be there ‘twixt your kingdoms such a spousal,
That never may ill office, or fell jealousy, 3345
Which troubles oft the bed of blessed marriage,
Thrust in between the paction of these kingdoms,
To make divorce of their incorporate league;
That English may as French, French Englishmen,
Receive each other. God speak this Amen! 3350
- All. Amen!
- Henry V. Prepare we for our marriage—on which day,
My Lord of Burgundy, we’ll take your oath,
And all the peers’, for surety of our leagues.
Then shall I swear to Kate, and you to me; 3355
And may our oaths well kept and prosperous be!
- Chorus. Thus far, with rough and all-unable pen, 3360
Our bending author hath pursued the story,
In little room confining mighty men,
Mangling by starts the full course of their glory.
Small time, but in that small most greatly lived
This star of England: Fortune made his sword;
By which the world’s best garden be achieved,
And of it left his son imperial lord.
Henry the Sixth, in infant bands crown’d King
Of France and England, did this king succeed;
Whose state so many had the managing,
That they lost France and made his England bleed:
Which oft our stage hath shown; and, for their sake,
In your fair minds let this acceptance take.
[Exit](History of Henry V)